What is thalassotherapy?

Health 2023

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What is thalassotherapy?
What is thalassotherapy?

Experts say: if you want to recharge your batteries for a few months, swim in the sea!

Thalassotherapy: sea doctor

Sea water has a unique composition of mineral s alts and oligoelements. Mineral s alts in sea water are mainly in the form of chlorides, sulfates and carbonates, the rest are compounds of silicon, phosphorus, and organic substances. The salinity of water tastes due to the content of sodium chloride in it (recall the school formula of ordinary table s alt), but magnesium chloride, sodium and magnesium sulfates give bitterness to water. An important characteristic of sea water is its s alt content: compare, if 30 liters of water contains only 1 g of s alt, then the average salinity of the ocean is 34.7 g per liter.

The healing properties of sea water are explained not only by the composition, but also by the nature of its effect on the body, in particular on the skin. When swimming in the sea, electrolytes penetrate into the epidermis (upper layers of the skin), changing the skin environment for a long time, increasing tissue reactivity, activating metabolism and the functional state of cells.

But seawater is most effectively absorbed into the skin through the sweat glands after sweating has stopped. Just imagine: if you plunge into a pool of sea water after a steam room or sauna, the body absorbs about 10 ml of healing moisture! This causes a kind of response of the body like stress, when the nervous system receives a powerful impulse, which stabilizes the morphological picture of blood and blood pressure. In addition, swimming in the sea has a beneficial effect on the functioning of internal organs, relieves muscle hypertonicity, and normalizes metabolism. Water pressure improves the blood supply to the cardiovascular system: the pulse rate decreases (which means less stress on the heart).

Mineral palette

Saturated with s alts and oligoelements sea water, being absorbed by the pores of the skin, remineralizes it well, providing a balancing effect on the physiological processes in the skin.

  • Magnesium increases cell viability, prevents premature aging.
  • Sodium normalizes the acid-base and water balance of the skin.
  • Potassium favors the growth of young cells, increases the absorption properties of the skin.
  • Iron is involved in the production of melanin pigment and transport of oxygen deep into the skin.
  • Calcium strengthens connective tissue, has wound healing properties; serves the skin as a reliable shield against infections, removes toxins from the body.
  • Sulfur protects the skin from inflammatory diseases.
  • Bromine acts as an antiseptic.
  • Silicon strengthens capillaries, stimulates hair growth and helps
  • recovery of connective tissue.
  • Phosphorus needed for the growth of strong nails, hair and teeth.
  • Iodine is a catalyst for organic processes and metabolism.
  • Zinc counteracts skin aging, seborrhea and dandruff.

Thalassotherapy is not just fun floundering in the sea. Specialized thalasso resorts offer vacationers a whole system of recovery with a wide range of procedures. There are contrasting sea and cascade baths, hydromassage with warm sea water, massage under warm s alty “rain”, s alt baths using the thermal, chemical and mechanical effects of water, as well as therapeutic exercises in a countercurrent pool. They are selected in accordance with the doctor's prescription for your he alth condition.

Indications for thalassotherapy:

  1. Stress and psychosomatic illnesses
  2. Muscle and headaches
  3. Rheumatism and atherosclerosis
  4. Heavy leg syndrome
  5. Rehabilitation after operations and injuries
  6. Osteoporosis and gynecological diseases
  7. Menopause problems
  8. Disorders of sleep and appetite
  9. Psoriasis
  10. Metabolic diseases (diabetes, obesity, etc.)
  11. Hypertension, etc.


  1. Any infectious and acute diseases of the bronchi and lungs
  2. Allergy to iodine;
  3. Thyroid function disorder;
  4. Some skin diseases
  5. Pregnancy (medical consultation required)

Geography of Paradise

The healing power of the sea element varies depending on the geographic latitude, which determines not only the properties of the water itself, but also the unique microclimate of each resort.

Mediterranean Sea

Resorts: Algiers, Balearic Islands, Egypt, Spain, Italy, Monaco, M alta, Tunisia, France.

Our profile: The Mediterranean Sea is considered one of the warmest (average temperature +19−30оС) and the most s alty (s alt concentration 38 g). Thanks to the efforts of French scientists, it can be considered the birthplace of classical thalassotherapy. There are more than 60 French thalasso resorts here alone.

Thalasso profile: Treatment and prevention of asthmatic and cardiovascular diseases, detox therapy, postnatal rehabilitation, aesthetic medicine and spa-resortology.

Aegean Sea

Resorts: Greece, Turkey.

Our dossier: The Aegean Sea separates several straits from the Mediterranean, and this is enough for the water here to be distinguished by lower salinity (s alt concentration 33 g), and the climate, remaining hot at an average temperature +30C, was softer.

Thalasso-profile:general he alth, spa-resortology.

Adriatic Sea

Resorts: Croatia, Montenegro, about. Ischia and the Venetian Riviera (Italy), Slovenia.

Our dossier: The Thalasso-portrait of the sea is made up of the purest cool water (average temperature +19−25С) of high salinity (s alt concentration 38 g) and a moderately hot Mediterranean climate. In Italy, balneotherapy (due to the presence of thermal springs) and mud therapy are added to the delights of sea therapy.

Thalasso-profile:rehabilitation after injuries, treatment of rheumatism, upper respiratory tract, musculoskeletal system, cardiovascular, gynecological and nervous diseases, metabolic disorders and obesity.

Dead Sea


Our profile: The Dead Sea is legendary: it contains 10 times more mineral s alts than the world's oceans. The low relative humidity of extremely clean air, free from allergens and extremely rich in oxygen and bromine compounds, at high atmospheric pressure creates a unique healing microclimate. Thermal mud and sulfuric hot springs contribute to it.

Thalasso-profile: treatment of skin diseases, especially psoriasis (due to the heat in the period from July to August, such therapy is contraindicated!), some oncological, urological diseases, allergies, joints, respiratory tract.

Red Sea

Resorts: Egypt, Israel, Jordan.

Our profile:The unusually warm (water temperature up to +32C) and s alty (s alt concentration 40 g) sea is characterized by a significant amount of micro-algae, giving the water a reddish color. The subtropical climate with dry, warm summers (average temperature +24-30C) and air saturated with bromine is very beneficial for he alth.

Thalasso profile: treatment of disorders of the cardiovascular system, respiratory tract, reproductive functions.

Black Sea

Resorts: Krasnodar Territory, Crimea, Bulgaria, Romania, Turkey.

Our profile: The maritime arsenal of the region is not only water (s alt concentration 18 g) with a high content of chlorine and iodine, but also therapeutic mud, mineral water, almost 100% humidity air and comfortable moderate warmth.

Thalasso profile: strengthening and prevention of the cardiovascular and nervous systems, dermatology.

B altic Sea

Resorts: Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Poland, Sweden.

Our profile: one of the most slightly saline seas (s alt concentration is only 8 g) rarely warms above 20C. The climate is continental. The air is rich in phytoncides due to the surroundings of pine forests.

Thalasso-profile: treatment and prevention of asthma, cancer, endocrine and digestive tract disorders, recovery courses after drug treatment.

Specialist comment

Mikhail Kochiashvili,spa doctor, PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of Aesthetic Medicine, RUDN University:

- Various diseases affect the regime and seasonal schedule of sea bathing, so in most cases a doctor's consultation before a vacation is mandatory. For example, with hyperfunction of the thyroid gland, exposure to the sun is contraindicated, therefore it is better to swim in the sea in the morning around 9 am and after 7 pm, when solar activity is minimal. With other functional disorders of the thyroid gland, beach vacations can be slightly extended - in the morning until half past ten and in the evening after 18.30.

Women suffering from gynecological diseases are advised to swim in the sea only during the season (any trips to the south in winter or autumn are dangerous due to a sharp weakening of immunity upon return), strictly before eleven in the morning and after six in the evening at the so-called neutral temperature water not lower than 26−28С. But with vegetovascular dystonia, contrasting sea baths are shown according to the following schedule. A morning bathing session in cool water (temperature 23-25C) should last no more than 5-7 minutes, but in the evening, the time spent in water well warmed up by the sun at 27-28C can be about 15 minutes. Such a regime trains the vessels well, besides, bathing itself has a general beneficial effect on the body - tonic in the morning and relaxing in the evening.

The magical power of algae

The palm in thalassotherapy unconditionally belongs to algae. These plants, through the cell membranes of which the ocean waters pass in an endless stream, have amazing properties. They not only accumulate useful trace elements and oxygen (the content of vital substances in them is 1000 times higher than in terrestrial plants!), but also synthesize special enzymes that filter toxins, pesticides, s alts of heavy metals and other harmful impurities. On average, there are as many mineral compounds in one kilogram of algae as there are in 100,000 liters of ocean water. This circumstance, as well as the fact that algae selectively accumulate minerals and oligoelements, allows us to say that, in terms of their therapeutic capabilities, they are significantly superior to their creator - sea water. That is why, in aesthetic thalassotherapy, algae in the form of masks, applications and wraps is perhaps the widest scope.

What does algae do?

Detoxification, lymphatic drainage and revitalization - thalasso procedures with the participation of brown algae - kelp - perfectly cope with this task. More than 60 minerals and vitamins turn it into a living energy concentrate that will take care of waste disposal, normalization of metabolism, restoration of moisture balance (increases moisture levels by 75%!) and strengthens the skin. Thermal wraps with kelp are indispensable in general he alth and body modeling programs.

Cellulite and excess weight are powerless before such powerful fat burners as fucus, coralline and gelidium. Extremely rich in iodine, calcium, magnesium and vitamin C, they start the process of lipolysis - the intensive destruction of fat cells, and help smooth the skin. Weight loss after only one seaweed wrap can be 0.5 kg.

Prevention of varicose veins are cold wraps of lithotamnia, fucus and kelp algae, which strengthen blood vessels and capillaries. The mechanism of action of algae and mud applications is similar to the effect of a long stay in warm sea water. By raising the temperature in the tissues (a film or thermal blanket is additionally used for this purpose), they increase the permeability of blood vessels, thereby opening the way for useful substances deep into the skin. In cold wraps, this function is performed by bandages or bandages, which, by creating external pressure, seem to push the active substances of marine cosmetics through the skin barrier.

Complex rejuvenation can be called the most important effect of thalasso treatments with algae. For example, red algae polysaccharides help prevent dehydration of aging skin, while calcium, magnesium, manganese and iron in their composition activate cell renewal and help soften the skin. The same kelp stimulates the synthesis of collagen and elastin. Blue algae, which saturate the skin with essential amino acids and fatty acids, as well as beta-carotene and zinc, relieve inflammation, slow down aging, and nourish the skin with energy. The most famous of them, spirulina, contains a record amount of protein (10 g of seaweed has the same amount as a kilogram of beef!), which acts as a building material for new skin cells and is responsible for a powerful anti-age effect. The rejuvenating effect of some algae on mature skin is also determined by isoflavonoids - substances similar in action to human youth hormones. Others contain sodium hyaluronate, the same hyaluronic acid that is responsible for the elasticity and smoothness of the skin.

The following algae are also used to create thalassocosmetics: ulva (rich in polysaccharides and amino acids that stimulate lipase); chlorella (its amino acids are 60% identical to the amino acids of human collagen); kodium (rich in glucuronic acid and marine beta-hydroxy acid); palmaria (restores the osmotic balance of blood vessels and promotes the removal of excess fluid).

Thalassotherapy at home

Turn your own bathroom into a personal thalasso resort with… sea s alt.

Have an exfoliation session

As a rule, sea s alt, which is sold in pharmacies or cosmetic stores, has small and medium rounded granules, which not only make it an excellent peeling, but also provide an excellent anti-cellulite massage. In order not to injure the skin, mix s alt with honey or olive oil (for oily and dry skin, respectively) and gently massage the skin for several minutes.

Prepare the thalasso bath

You need to add two full handfuls of sea s alt to the bathing water, the main thing is to keep the timing and choose the right temperature. To quickly cheer up and tone the body, a 10-minute bath at a temperature of 35C is enough. As part of a relaxation and anti-cellulite therapy session, the temperature of the bath should be 40C, the duration should not exceed 20 minutes. By the way, s alt baths perfectly tighten the skin and breasts, which can help you quickly regain shape after a sharp weight loss.

Relieve tired eyes

Sea s alt is an excellent remedy for bags under the eyes and swelling. Put cotton pads soaked in cool s alt water (a teaspoon on top of a glass of water) and lie quietly for 10 minutes.

Fresh your breath

It's not for nothing that the ancient healers recommended drinking sea water inside! Doctors of our time advise mixing a teaspoon each of sea s alt and soda in a glass to prepare an effective elixir for rinsing.

Give lightness to your walk

Syndrome of heavy legs recedes after a cool bath with sea s alt. A recipe from the category of instantaneous express products - alternating contrast baths with hydromassage. Hot water temperature should not exceed 40C. The number of dives is up to you.

Specialist comment:

Karina Ter-Ovanesova, Algotherm brand dermatocosmetologist:

- The use of thalasso cosmetics has no restrictions on either gender or age; it is equally good for men and women, moreover, it can be used even for children's sensitive skin. And although hot algae wraps are not recommended for pregnant women, special delicate thalasso programs and protocols are provided for them. I must say that thalasso cosmetics are very active, which is explained not only by their composition, but also by the concentration of active substances, reaching 15% in home line products and almost 100% in professional salon use products. The most common thalasso ingredient, algae, can be presented in cosmetics in several ways. Most often, it is a dry powder for masks and applications, which is further diluted either with purified sea water or with special activating concentrates. Such a powder is obtained as a result of micronization: algae are crushed in a high-tech way to the size of red blood cells, which allows them to penetrate into the deeper layers of the skin and ensures maximum bioavailability. Liquid or gel extracts of algae are suitable for creating algae baths and cold wraps using bandages that are soaked in a mineral-rich solution before application.

Sea delicacies

Modern thalassotherapy is not limited to the capabilities of the plant marine world. Here are just a few that pharmacists and cosmetologists use in formulations of a wide variety of drugs:

Chitosan is the result of the processing of chitin, which makes up crustacean shells. In thalasso procedures, partially dehydrated chitosan draws water molecules from cells affected by cellulite, and, if necessary, can serve as a conductor of therapeutic drugs deep into the dermis.

Sea mud, which has accumulated a huge amount of mineral-organic compounds over billions of years of being on the seabed and being an excellent absorbent and exfoliant, deeply cleanses the skin and regulates the sebaceous glands.

Extract from sturgeon milk and sea urchin sperm Due to the high content of hormone-like agents, they have a pronounced anti-aging effect.

Zooplankton, rich in amino acids, has a tonic effect on the walls of blood vessels and saturates tissues with oxygen.

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