Hypertension and hypotension, how to identify them and how to live with it

Health 2023
Hypertension and hypotension, how to identify them and how to live with it
Hypertension and hypotension, how to identify them and how to live with it

Blood pressure problems rarely bother us before the age of 40. Therefore, in youth, no one wants to even think about it. But in vain - knowing your indicators, the ability to identify a predisposition to hypertension or hypotension is very important so that problems do not arise in the near future.

Hypertension and hypotension, how to identify them and how to live with it

What is arterial blood pressure?

Arterial blood pressure is the pressure of blood against the walls of blood vessels. It ensures the movement of blood through the vessels. Blood is pumped into the heart, and then pushed into the vessels - at this moment the pressure in the vessels is maximum. Then the heart relaxes and, after a short pause, begins to fill with blood again - this is the second phase, when the pressure in the arteries is minimal. The maximum and minimum pressure is what is called the upper and lower pressure. The pressure is recorded as a fraction, where the numerator is the upper pressure indicator, and the denominator is the lower one.

What is normal pressure?

Pressure is an important indicator of he alth; vitality and well-being of a person depend on its level. Each person has their own standard. It depends on the age, individual characteristics of a person, his lifestyle, constitution. So, for example, the lower limit of the norm for a teenager is 100/70, but in an elderly person such pressure indicates the presence of a serious illness. In people who lead an active lifestyle, blood pressure of 100/60 or even 90/50 is considered normal. In a young person, the pressure should be lower than in an elderly person, in an athlete it should be lower than in a homebody, in a tall and thin person it should be lower than in a heavy and stocky one. Sometimes low blood pressure occurs in hypertensive patients.

The average is considered to be 120/80 mm Hg. Art. But, as mentioned above, there is a huge variety of "normal" indicators. Therefore, it is best if you know your normal pressure, at which you feel good. Then you can easily catch deviations from the norm and find out the degree of hypertension.

Hypertensive or hypotensive - which type do you tend to?

Hypertension treatment

Hypertension refers to a persistent increase in blood pressure, and hypotension refers to downward changes. Hypertension can be very dangerous - with high blood pressure, the risk of cardiovascular disease is much higher than with normal blood pressure. Scientists have calculated that if the average level of blood pressure in the population decreases by only 2 mm Hg. Art., this will save more than 70 thousand lives annually. First of all, death rates from stroke will decrease. High blood pressure most often requires medication.

If you have high blood pressure

The first signs of high blood pressure are headaches, heartbeat, dizziness, tinnitus. A persistent increase in pressure can provoke a hypertensive crisis. In this case, a person may lose consciousness, he may experience shortness of breath or even suffocation, severe chest pain, heart pounding, blurred vision, and even paralysis. Without treatment, a sudden high blood pressure, which was only moderately high before, can lead to life-threatening situations. Still, in most cases, high blood pressure can be controlled.

Exercise regularly

People who exercise regularly experience a 3.5 mmHg decrease in upper blood pressure. Art., and the lower one - by 2.58 mm Hg. Art. This is not much, but even such a decrease is enough to significantly reduce the risk of coronary heart disease or cerebrovascular accidents. At the same time, you do not have to spend all the time in the gym and exhaust yourself with workouts. A 20-minute morning run or regular exercise is enough. Choose the type of activity that will give you pleasure. It can be cycling, swimming, shaping or any other sport. The only condition is that classes must be regular. Three times a week for 30 minutes will bring much more benefits than one hour and a half workout.

Eat he althy and watch your weight

Give up some cooking habits that can be very harmful for people prone to hypertension. First of all, we are talking about the use of a large amount of table s alt. For hypertensive patients, this is really a “white enemy”, so try to give up herring and pickles and get out of the habit of adding s alt to the dish when it is already on the table. In addition, the diet should be varied - eat plenty of fresh vegetables, fruits, cereals and foods containing potassium. Give preference to meat and fish of low-fat varieties. Japanese cuisine is very useful, because it is most often low-fat and properly balanced dishes. Give up alcohol and nicotine.

Try to get rid of extra pounds - being overweight inevitably leads to high blood pressure.

Control your emotions

Any, even the smallest, stress leads to an increase in blood pressure. For some, even at the sight of a doctor, the level of blood pressure rises. What can we say about the work, which keeps many in a state of incessant stress. Fear of the bosses, arals, conflicts in the team - all this is a constant source of worries, and, consequently, high blood pressure. Try to take any situation calmly. Agree, there are not so many reasons to be truly upset. Try to control yourself - scolding a salesman who has been rude to you in a store, you will do much more harm to your he alth. Learn to relax. Forget about work when you come home. Close your eyes and give yourself twenty minutes of peace amid the hustle and bustle of the day - and your body will be very grateful to you for it.

Hypotension: treatment

If your he alth worsens with prolonged standing, taking hot baths, prolonged stay in a stuffy room, if you do not tolerate hunger, feel lethargic, drowsy, then you are most likely hypotensive. However, this is not a reason to panic and declare yourself sick - there are ways to prevent low blood pressure that will help get rid of the disease and give you pleasure.

Make time for rest

Good rest is important to you more than anyone else. With hypotension, a full night's sleep is necessary (at least 7-8 hours). Spend as much time outdoors as possible. If you listen to your body, you will notice that you feel much better and more cheerful after a walk.

Strengthen the vessels

Reduced blood pressure indicates flaccidity of blood vessels, so procedures aimed at strengthening blood vessels are recommended for hypotensive patients. These treatments include contrast showers, hydromassage, swimming and exercise. But in no case do not overdo it - whatever you do, it should give your body and you only pleasure.

Take vitamins and tonics

Natural tonics, which are indicated for arterial hypotension, include tincture of Chinese magnolia vine, eleutherococcus, ginseng - they give vigor, restore efficiency, improve well-being. However, they should not get carried away - it is better to consult a doctor. Use multivitamins, especially in the winter-spring period. Drink freshly brewed tea, eat plenty of seafood and other protein foods. In your case, you should also not refuse a cup of coffee.

More optimism

If you are prone to hypotension, negative emotions can become a factor that provokes a sharp and strong decrease in pressure. This is one of the main causes of hypotension. Therefore, it is important for you to maintain a stable emotional state and avoid stressful situations. Try to give yourself more joyful moments - do what you love, live a full sex life, get positive energy from communicating with children and friends. All this will help to avoid not only problems with pressure, but also many cardiovascular diseases.

Visit your doctor regularly

Timely visits to the doctor will help to avoid many he alth problems. Therefore, as soon as you suspect that your pressure is changing and you feel discomfort, try to see a doctor as soon as possible. When examining arterial blood pressure, you will take a blood test, urine, most likely, appoint a consultation with specialists, and also ask you to measure the morning and evening pressure for several days.

If, after you figure out the cause of the problems, you also start to follow doctor's recommendations, it will be absolutely wonderful.

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