Market day

Market day
Market day

The market is a unique cultural phenomenon. A rich oriental bazaar, a colorful southern "import" or a metropolitan market beckon with the aromas of fresh fruits, a special atmosphere and a variety of choices. The advice of Andrey Makhov, the chef of the Cafe Pushkin restaurant, will help you choose the highest quality products on the market.

Market day

The market is a unique cultural phenomenon. A rich oriental bazaar, a colorful southern “import” or a capital market beckon with the aromas of fresh fruits, a special atmosphere and a variety of choices.

Choosing the best quality products on the market will help you with the advice of Andrey Makhov, the chef of the Cafe Pushkin restaurant.


  • Tomatoes should smell like tomatoes. "Fingers" or "cream" are suitable for canning, and for eating it is better to take large, fleshy, thick-walled southern tomatoes, which are of the best quality in August. In season, the southern tomato can reach 600-800 g.
  • Cucumbers take small, strong and pimples.
  • Sweet peppers should have thick fleshy walls - this is the best choice for stuffing and canning. Unfortunately, local soil varieties have very thin walls. Look at the cut.
  • Eggplants are best taken young. This does not mean that they have to be small in size. Even a large eggplant can be of good quality. Its cut is white with almost imperceptible bones. Large bones are a sign of an overripe eggplant, which is completely unsuitable, for example, for canning.


  • Beef, like veal, is not of very high quality in Russia. It will not make, for example, a good steak with blood, although it is quite suitable for homemade roasts. Please note that meat, which in our markets is called tenderloin, is not always such. Tenderloin is an internal hypochondrium muscle, only 2 tenderloins of 1.5 kg each are obtained from one carcass. This part is an elongated muscle, fading away, covered with a single connective tissue with a loose fibrous structure.
  • Pork is easier to choose - excellent quality meat is widely represented in our markets. In good collective farm markets, you can buy excellent chilled pork, which the butchers cut right on the spot. In cheap markets, unscrupulous sellers sometimes pass off imported defrosted meat as fresh meat. The catch is easy to see - you should be alerted by a row of even beautiful necks, obviously just laid out from a cellophane package. However, sometimes the seller does not hide the origin of the meat and sells it for the true price right in the package.
  • The culture of mutton consumption is practically absent in our country. Accordingly, the quality of meat supplied to the markets often leaves much to be desired. Usually, lamb is eaten, that is, the meat of a young lamb, the carcass of which should weigh about 10 kg. The best meat comes from the country's mountainous regions, where lamb is the national product.


There is an abundance of fish in the large collective farm markets of the capital. For sale imported chilled fish and seafood - red mullet, dorado, sea bass, sole, lobster, shrimp; domestic varieties - sturgeon fish; Norwegian salmon; there is also a fresh sterlet near Moscow. The standard method for determining the freshness of chilled fish: the eyes should be red and not cloudy, the gills should be a pronounced dark red color, without mucus. You can determine the quality of thawed sturgeon by the state of the cut. If the flesh on the cut is loose, looks like a sponge and releases water when pressed, then the fish was stored frozen for a long time and, quite possibly, was refrozen more than once.

Bird, game

  • Chickens are different. Skinny soups are sold - they are great for chicken noodles, but this is certainly not a meat breed. You can also buy broiler chickens on the market - they are very large, sometimes reaching the size of an average turkey. They make the most aromatic and rich chicken broth. But for frying, they take the usual 45 day old broiler chickens, which we also used to call chickens.
  • A good meat duck can only be grown in a poultry farm, creating special conditions for it and fattening it. Such ducks are also sold in the markets. Domestic duck meat tends to be tough.
  • It's hard to choose a good rabbit. This should be a 150-day-old rabbit, weighing about 3 kg. Famous comedians were right about rabbits - this is really a dietary product, since cholesterol does not accumulate in the animal's body until 200 days of life.


Unbelievable variety of fruits in August. In this sea of ​​ripe fruits, everyone will find what they like. Take the softest and most fragrant peaches and apricots for food - they are not stored for a long time, they need to be eaten as soon as possible. For homemade preparations, dense and elastic fruits are suitable. Seedless sultana grapes are the most delicious August variety, nutmeg are also good. Try it, choose!

Simple tips from Andrey Makhov:

  • Keep an eye on people trading in the market. The human factor is very important here - it is much more pleasant to take goods from good hands.
  • Feel free to try. Cucumber or tomato can be rinsed with clean water from a bottle. By the way, taps with running water are installed in some large markets.
  • Ask for advice. If the seller inspires confidence in you, ask him to choose the best piece.
  • Keep in touch with honest sellers, look for your fishing spots and they will always find the best product for you!
  • Know that fresh meat is not always good. Such meat can be tasteless and tough due to the natural rigor of the fibers. For example, beef can be kept in the refrigerator for up to 28-30 days. It is after this that the best concentration of taste comes.

Market situation

The most expensive market in Europe is located in Moscow, or rather, in Zhukovka near Moscow. Here, tomatoes can cost up to 200-300 rubles. per kilogram, and potatoes under 100. Recently, this legendary outlet moved from fresh air under the roof to a freshly built trendy shopping center. They still sell greens from their own garden, homemade pies with cabbage and the famous poppy rolls, pickles and pickled apples, sturgeon skewers and roasted pigs. All this yummy at insane prices is bought by the famous inhabitants of Rublyovka.

Ordinary townspeople have a wide choice of collective farm and wholesale and retail markets, as well as recently emerged weekend fairs. Only now the traditional collective-farm markets in Moscow are becoming less and less. Many have been turned into civilized shopping centers, where the agricultural part often occupies a small area, others are waiting for their fate: the Moscow authorities plan to transfer almost all spontaneous trade to a new track. Today you rarely see a good-natured grandmother with her own parsley behind the counter, but the range of modern markets has become much wider and more exotic - a worthy choice of fish and meat has appeared. For example, on Dorogomilovsky they sell all sorts of delicacies - from oysters to sea "soup" turtles on special order. Meat rows are also good here. The Cheryomushkinsky market, richly reminiscent of an oriental bazaar, is replete with a variety of fruits and vegetables at fairly moderate prices on average in Moscow. The Tushinsky and Tsaritsynsky markets are considered the cheapest, but the quality of the goods here does not always withstand sanitary checks.

Petersburgers laugh at the Moscow fashion for civilized trade. There is a Far Eastern market in the city, where on the same square with fountains and illuminated escalators everything is sold at once: cookies and cucumbers, expensive glasses and cosmetics, Far Eastern seafood and Korean mushrooms. Locals call this wild luxury a Moscow-style market. Otherwise, the city authorities are calm about the historical markets: Sytny and Sennoy - with reasonable prices, where the management lets private traders with their apples and tomatoes. Another pre-revolutionary market - Blacksmith - is considered the most expensive and shares the palm with the recently renovated Torzhkovsky, where the best fish department is. There are also promising new markets, such as Zvezdny with new pavilions and cafes, good sanitary control and a competent location of shopping malls.

Slightly moving away from the capital, you can meet a slightly different situation. If in Moscow it is prestigious to buy products on the collective farm market, then, for example, in Novosibirsk these “temples of trade” are visited by a special category of citizens: mostly grandparents who shun modern supermarkets. Elderly ladies are preparing for the "market day" as a way out into society. People who come here for the atmosphere, the opportunity to try and bargain, as well as choose everything fresh and natural, like to shop in the markets. The category of these market lovers is served by only three markets: Leninsky, Central and Oktyabrsky. Nevertheless, in August, the markets come to life - the jam season begins and the townspeople buy up boxes and buckets of apricots, plums or small Siberian half-cultivated apples. And at the end of August, pine cones and nuts of a new crop appear on the market. Buds sticky from resin cost 10-12 rubles a piece. Every Siberian child loves to peel cones. Good cedar cones as a souvenir for residents of other cities and regions.

You can buy:

  • at the Tashkent Bazaar honey melon for 350 soms (about 15 rubles);
  • a kilo of fresh Black Sea fish at Odessa Privoz for 3-5 hryvnias (about 30 rubles);
  • the freshest "sea creatures" in Hong Kong's night markets: cuttlefish, oysters, about a dozen varieties of shrimp, octopus, lobster, crabs, etc., which are cooked right on the spot and you can try everything;
  • at the Munich market (one of the largest in Europe) s alted cottage cheese and stuffed olives;
  • in Yelets - the most apple city in Russia, in the homeland of Ivan Bunin - a bucket of Antonovka for 15-20 rubles.

Market economy



ground local - 30-40 rubles.

"Lady's finger" - 50−60 rubles.

South - 80 rubles

Cucumbers - 25-30 rubles.

Pepper - 25-30 rubles

Eggplant - 20-30 rubles


Tenderloin - 250 rubles

Entrecote - RUB 150−180


Neck - 250 rubles

Ham - 150 rubles

Tenderloin - 300 rubles


Ribs - 100 rubles

Ham - 130 rubles

Veal - 200−250 rubles.

Fresh fish:

Carp - 120 rubles

Trout - 200 rubles

Red mullet - 250−300 rubles.

Sea bass and dorado - 400 rubles

Crayfish - 200-300 per kg


chickens - 150−170 rubles.

duck - 300−350 rubles.

Rabbit 200 rubles

Apples - 25 rubles

Peaches - 40-50 rubles

Apricots - 40-70 rubles.

Grapes - 40 rubles

Pears - 30−40 rubles.

St. Petersburg


Local - 20-35 RUB

"Lady fingers" - 40−50 rubles.

Southern - 50−60 rubles.

Cucumbers - 15-30 rubles.

Pepper - 15−25 rubles.

Eggplant - 15-30 rubles.


Tenderloin - 230−250 RUB.

Entrecote - RUB 180−200


Neck - 150 rubles

Ham - 100 rubles

Tenderloin - 200−300 RUB.

Lamb - up to 200 rubles

Veal 150-350 rubles

Fresh fish:

Trout - 150 rubles

Carp - 100 rubles

Bird, game:

Chickens - 150−170 rubles.

Duck - 200−250 RUB.

Rabbit - 250-300 rubles

Apples - 25 rubles

Pears - 25−40 rubles.

Peaches - 30-50 rubles

Apricots - 30-50 rubles.

Grapes - 40-50 rubles.


Tomatoes - 20-30 rubles.

Cucumbers: - 15−25 rubles.

Pepper: - 25 rubles

Eggplant: - 25-30 rubles


Tenderloin - 100 rubles

Entrecote - 65 rubles


Neck - 120 rubles

Ham - 130 rubles

Tenderloin - 200 rubles


Ribs - 90 rubles

Ham - 120 rubles

Veal - 100−130 rubles/kg

Fresh fish:

trout - 180 rubles

Pike perch - 60 rubles

Crucian carp - 25 rubles

Bird, game:

Chickens - 40-60 rubles.

Duck - 80 rub.

Rabbit - 100−120 rubles.

Apples - 20-30 rubles

Peaches - 45−50 rubles/kg

Apricots - 30-40 rubles/kg

Grapes - 25-35 rubles

Pears - 25-30 rubles/kg


Tomatoes - 20−25 rubles.

Cucumbers - 15−20 rubles.

Pepper - 25-30 rubles

Eggplant - 40 rubles

Beef - 150 rubles

Pork - 100-120 rubles

Lamb - 120 rubles

Veal - 150-180 rubles

Fresh fish:

Carp - 40-62 rubles

Karasi - 27 rubles

Bird, game:

Chickens - 100-150 rubles.

Rabbit - 180 rubles

Apples - 25−35 RUB.

Peaches - 40-60 rubles.

Apricots - 40-60 rubles.

Grapes 40-50 rubles

Pears 30-40 rubles.



Local - 10-20 rubles

Cucumbers - 5-10 rubles.

Pepper - 10-15 rubles

Eggplant - 10-15 rubles.

Beef - 100 rubles

Pork - 80 rubles

Bird, game:

Chickens - 60 rubles


Antonovka 15−20 rubles. for a bucket

Semerenko, minke whale, pineapple - 5-10 rubles. per kg

Pears - 10-20 rubles

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