How to lower the temperature in a child?
Viral infections and especially the flu are accompanied by high fever. How to reduce it correctly without harming the child's body
Rise in temperature is a protective reaction, focused on maintaining the constancy of the internal environment of the body. It is convenient to imagine the human body as consisting of two parts: the core (internal organs), which maintains a constant temperature, equal to about 37.3 degrees C, and the shell. The shell is formed by the skin and skeletal muscles. The temperature of the shell can change under the influence of the environment and the processes occurring inside the body.
There are several internal causes leading to an increase in body temperature: inflammatory processes (infectious and non-infectious nature), diseases of the nervous and endocrine systems. Most often, an increase in body temperature is of an infectious nature.
- Reduce the temperature with antipyretic drugs only if it is over 39 degrees.
- Children under 6 months of age are given antipyretics when their body temperature rises to 38 degrees or more.
- If a child has previously had convulsions with an increase in body temperature, then you can prescribe an antipyretic agent even with a slight increase in temperature.
An important condition for the appointment of antipyretics is the accuracy of measuring the child's body temperature. Here you should follow a number of rules:
Before putting the thermometer in the armpit, it is necessary to calm the child - an hour before taking the temperature, take him calm games, reading, drawing, etc., as in some children the body temperature increases with increased physical activity.
- Immediately before measuring the temperature, check if the child is sweating - the armpit should not be wet.
- It is advisable to measure the temperature in both armpits (3% of people have temperature asymmetry on the left and right, the difference can reach 1 degree).
- You should know that the temperature in the rectum normally exceeds the temperature in the armpit by 0.3-0.5 degrees.
When prescribing antipyretic drugs, it is necessary to think over all the pros and cons. Arguments against their appointment:
- Fever is sometimes the only symptom of the disease, while treatment with antipyretics can blur the clinical picture of the disease.
- Many fever-lowering drugs have adverse reactions that can be as harmful as the disease itself.
- At high body temperature, pathogenic bacteria and viruses die faster.
Children under 7 should not be given aspirin to reduce fever. However, it should not be given to those who are older. This drug is especially dangerous for influenza. Therefore, it is better to replace it with drugs based on paracetamol. It is the most effective and harmless antipyretic drug for children.
If the temperature is not too high, then you can use special children's patches that are glued to the forehead and help relieve fever and pain from temperature if the child does not tolerate it well. It is believed that you should not lower the temperature, which does not exceed 38 degrees.
The frequency of prescription of antipyretic drugs - 4 times a day, the interval between doses - at least 4 hours. The maximum duration of treatment is 3 days.
Tables and capsules should be taken with a small amount of liquid. Elixirs, solutions, syrups, drops - dissolve before use in a small amount of liquid.
For young children, paracetamol suppositories are also safe and effective. They often work even faster than oral remedies.
A good and very effective remedy is wiping with water or alcohol.