Insect bites: first aid

Mom 2023
Insect bites: first aid
Insect bites: first aid
Anonim

Mosquito, wasp and bee stings are common. Properly and timely first aid can not only save a child from discomfort, but also save his life.

Insect bites: first aid

Mosquito, wasp and bee stings are common. Properly and timely first aid can not only save a child from discomfort, but also save his life.

Mosquitoes and other blood-sucking insects

The most famous of the blood-sucking insects is the mosquito, and the most unpleasant is the gnat (midge). Her bites often cause a severe allergic reaction with excruciating itching and swelling and a marked deterioration in general well-being.

Antihistamines and corticosteroid hormones help with allergies. In the form of ointments and creams, corticosteroids are safe - they practically do not penetrate through the skin into the bloodstream. But it is better to use simpler means.

  • Moisten the bite with ammonia or spread with a slurry of baking soda and water, any insect bite balm with a mint smell, you can use mint toothpaste.
  • It is recommended to take a tablet of some antihistamine drug (tavegil, diazolin, etc.) inside.

If you do not like "chemistry", you can use regular vitamin B1 to protect against mosquitoes. This natural repellant works just as well as advertised mosquito repellents. If you take the entire daily dose at once in the morning - 2-3 tablets of thiamine hydrochloride - its smell will repel mosquitoes until the evening. You can take vitamins throughout the season of active life of insects.

Wasps and bees

If your child is stung by a bee or bumblebee, scrape off the poison sac with your fingernail, knife blade, etc. This will usually remove the stinger as well. If it remains in the skin, it can be slowly removed with tweezers. The sting itself is no more dangerous than an ordinary microscopic splinter. If the child does not have hypersensitivity, then one or two wasp or bee stings should be treated in the same way as mosquito bites:

  • apply cold to the sore spot;
  • give your child warm tea;
  • give me a tablet of Diphenhydramine or any other antihistamine;
  • Apply corticosteroid hormone ointment to the bite site. Tablets and ointments can be used for 2-3 days until swelling subsides.

If there is no medicine at hand, dip the bitten limb in cold water, attach a lump of raw clay or a chewed psyllium leaf to the bite site.

Insect sting allergy

Unlike bees, which are naturally friendly, wasps and hornets are more aggressive and will sometimes bite even when not provoked. However, with some precautions, the bite can usually be prevented.

  • Never let a child walk barefoot on the ground, cover your arms and legs whenever possible.
  • Be careful after picnics: leftover food attracts wasps and bees.
  • Stay away from perfumes and strong-smelling cosmetics when outdoors - insects are attracted to these smells.
  • Apply insect repellant to skin before going outdoors. Recently, effective natural products have appeared for this purpose. It is easier to make a diagnosis, and therefore successfully deal with an allergy that has arisen, if you know which insect has bitten you.

Р.S. Hypersensitivity to bee venom occurs in one person out of two hundred and fifty. A hypersensitivity reaction may not appear immediately, so in cases where you do not know what to expect, consult a doctor. With increased sensitivity to bee venom, even one bite can cause a rise in body temperature, headache, nausea, vomiting, urticaria, asthma, angioedema, and even anaphylactic shock.

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