Complications after acute respiratory infections

Mom 2023
Complications after acute respiratory infections
Complications after acute respiratory infections
Anonim

Does your child constantly sniffle and cough? Prolonged runny nose and cough may indicate complications. How to decipher the alarms?

Complications after ARI

Colds in children are commonplace. Especially in autumn and winter. But how many diseases per year can be considered the norm? And how long can a common cold last?

The body - both children and adults - is infected every day all year round. But an organism with a strong immune system quickly defeats the infection, and the disease does not manifest itself in any way. Some doctors say that eight to ten acute respiratory infections and colds a year is the norm: when sick, the child's body develops immunity to them. A cold can last no more than ten days. But the cough can last up to a month. If it is accompanied by weakness, fever, headache, shortness of breath, seek medical attention immediately.

The disease we call the "cold" can be caused by a viral or bacterial infection. You can “catch an infection, or you can create favorable conditions for bacteria that constantly live in every body. Hypothermia, staying in an air-conditioned room, drinking ice-cold drinks are the most traditional examples. Most often, viruses and bacteria "harm" together: when the body fights against the virus, "dormant" bacteria become active and begin to multiply actively, causing a secondary infection.

The most common complications of the common cold:

Bronchitis

Treatment. If bronchitis is not accompanied by fever and signs of intoxication (weakness, headache), the child is active, you can start treatment with herbal expectorants: coltsfoot decoctions, wild rosemary, elecampane, as well as inhalations and chest massage. If on the 3rd-4th day the cough does not become wet and the sputum does not go away, it is necessary to switch to modern mucolytic drugs. With severe symptoms of intoxication and fever, antibacterial drugs are prescribed.

Pneumonia

Symptoms: in acute pneumonia they develop rapidly - cough dry or immediately with sputum and even blood, chest pain, especially when inhaling, rapid shallow breathing with swelling of the wings of the nose, shortness of breath, severe chills, very high temperature. If pneumonia is a complication of a cold, then the symptoms may be more blurred. Pneumonia can be a complication of a cold or a bacterial infection.

Treatment: Acute pneumonia should not be self-medicated. You can't do without antibiotics. And folk remedies can be a good help. In particular, they can be used as expectorants. Showing breathing exercises, chest massage, physiotherapy.

Asthmatic component

Symptoms: same as asthma - coughing fits, especially at night, after exercise or when going out into cold air, chest tightness, shortness of breath. The asthmatic component "attaches" to bronchitis. Asthma is an allergic disease, and the allergen in this case is an infection. The immune system releases histamine as a defense, which causes the airways to constrict. Perhaps the child does not have an asthmatic syndrome, but asthma in its purest form. That is, the attack is primary, and bronchitis only “camouflaged” it. Therefore, many doctors are inclined to believe that the concept of "asthmatic component" is incorrect: either asthma is present or it is not. In young children, asthma-like phenomena also occur due to an abundance of viscous and thick mucus.

Treatment: Antihistamines are used to widen the airways, antibacterials and expectorants.

Laryngitis

Symptoms: sore throat, hoarseness, loss of voice Acute laryngitis is an inflammation of the larynx and vocal cords. Usually caused by a viral infection. In young children, the inflammation can proceed so violently that swelling of the mucous membrane of the larynx blocks the access of air (false croup). The most typical symptom of developing edema is “barking”, that is, a very dry cough, breathing becomes noisy, the child cries, worries. In severe cases, lack of oxygen can cause brain damage, including coma.

Treatment: alkaline inhalations, rinsing with iodinol, chamomile or sage infusion, dressings and dry warm compresses on the neck, hot foot baths, physiotherapy: UHF, UVI, electrophoresis. In the treatment of laryngitis, it is recommended to talk less. An attack of false croup is removed with a hot foot bath and hot soda inhalations. At the first sign of false croup, be sure to call an ambulance.

Rhinitis

Symptoms: constant "flowing" nose, inflamed eyes, pain in the eyes, headache. Rhinitis is an inflammation of the nasal mucosa. A runny nose is one of the symptoms of rhinitis. Rhinitis can be infectious or allergic. An infection can also serve as an allergen. Rhinitis may disappear as suddenly as it appeared. And it can drag on for a long time and go into a chronic form. A runny nose that has lasted more than ten days should definitely alert.

Treatment: A runny nose usually resolves on its own. To facilitate breathing, drops can be instilled into the nose, but not longer than a week. Washing the nose with a solution of chamomile, sage is shown.

Sinusitis

Symptoms: headache, feeling of pressure in the nose, difficulty in nasal breathing, swelling of the skin in the cheek or eyelid area, nasal tone of voice, decrease or absence of smell, mucopurulent nasal discharge, sometimes fever. Sinusitis is an inflammation of the nasal mucosa. Depending on which sinuses are inflamed, frontal sinusitis, sphenoiditis, sinusitis, etc. are distinguished. Inflammation of the sinuses can appear several days or even several weeks after the acute symptoms of a cold have passed.

Treatment: if the disease occurs without fever, you can start with folk remedies: warming up with a hot hard-boiled egg, buckwheat heated in a frying pan. If these remedies do not help or if the temperature is elevated, antibiotics are prescribed.

Tonsillitis

Symptoms: pain when swallowing, swollen tonsils, fever, headache and even stomach pain. Tonsillitis can be caused by a viral and/or bacterial infection. Most often it occurs as a chronic disease. All children have chronic tonsillitis to one degree or another. Frequent sore throats, acute respiratory infections, sinusitis and even carious teeth contribute to its development. It all starts with untreated colds, when bacteria "settle" in the tonsils. So every cold must be cured to the end.

Treatment: Now radical treatment - removal of the tonsils - is no longer used as often as before. The most effective way is washing the tonsils with drugs and strengthening the body to prevent recurrent diseases. In severe cases, antibiotics are used.

Effective remedies: proven in practice

Pediatricians advise rinsing the baby's nose 2-3 times a day using normal saline and, after thinning, remove the mucus with a pear - an aspirator.

However, to make this procedure more convenient and efficient, we recommend using Aqua Maris - this is a preparation based on the water of the Adriatic Sea, with natural trace elements. Aqua Maris contains such trace elements as magnesium, sodium, chlorine, iodine, zinc, selenium and other useful substances. It is they that determine the beneficial effect of Aqua Maris on the nasal mucosa. Aqua Maris is applied 2-3 times a day, 1-2 drops in each nasal passage. The use of Aqua Maris also serves as a prevention of colds.

The preparation Sinuforte ®, it contains juice and extract of European cyclamen tubers, helps to intensively cleanse the nasal passages and restore nasal breathing in case of colds. It also has a local immunomodulatory effect, promotes the activation of protective barriers - the nasal mucosa and paranasal sinuses. The drug is available in the form of a spray and is easy to use. Does not contain antibiotics, hormones, preservatives, anesthetics and vasoconstrictors, non-toxic. Indications for use:

Acute or chronic recurrent inflammation of the paranasal sinuses (sinusitis) - catarrhal or purulent sinusitis, frontal sinusitis, ethmoiditis, sphenoiditis or combined sinusitis.

The most common ailment in babies in the first year of life is a runny nose. The first three months of life, the child breathes only through the nose, so a runny nose in babies can lead to respiratory failure. In addition, infants with difficulty in nasal breathing refuse to eat, lose weight and sleep poorly.

Therefore, at home in the first aid kit there should always be a first aid for a cold for a baby: Nazivin? 0.01% - the only remedy for the common cold in a special dosage for babies,which is used from the first days of life.

Nazivin? equipped with a convenient graduated pipette, which allows you to accurately dose the drug, and its rounded edges do not injure the spouts of even the most restless kids. Nazivin? effectively eliminates swelling of the nasal mucosa and continues to act up to 12 hours, allowing the baby to eat and sleep peacefully.

Popular topic