Skin beauty can be preserved not only through cosmetic procedures and injections, but also with the help of simple ways that we often forget about.
Surely something like this happened to you: one day, while sorting out old things, you suddenly found a photograph of ten years ago, where you are depicted in the country - unmade, unhaired and absolutely happy. As soon as you look at this picture, you clearly understand: over the past years, strong, not always pleasant changes have occurred with your skin … Plastic surgeons assure us that science does not stand still and the latest advances in medicine can work real miracles. But how much are these achievements worth? And are we willing to go under the knife just to look younger?
In preparing this article, we asked leading experts in the field of cosmetology and dermatology the same question: are there effective and affordable beauty products that a woman can use at home? Fortunately, there are such funds and they will not damage your budget.
STEP one: Protect your skin from the sun
How does it work? It's no secret that skin that is regularly exposed to the sun ages faster. Do you want to see this with your own eyes? Then compare the skin on the outer and inner side of the forearm, just above the elbow. The skin on the inside of the arm is much less exposed to direct sunlight and therefore looks much fresher. Sadly, at 40, the effects of ultraviolet rays on the skin become more and more pronounced. After a vacation spent on the beach, your face will be noticeable not only tan, but also fine wrinkles and age spots.
Where to start? First of all, choose creams that contain SPF filters. In winter, a protection factor of 15 is enough, in summer and on vacation in southern countries this figure should be much higher - up to 50 units for very light and sensitive skin. In addition, it is very good if your cream contains vitamins A, E and C, which enhance the protective effect of any remedy.
And, of course, a lot depends on how you spend your vacation. Do not sunbathe during the day when the radiation is especially strong. And if you need to go out during this time, be sure to wear a wide-brimmed hat or panama hat and sunglasses.
Several years youngerIf you didn't follow the above rules too carefully before, in six months you will notice serious changes: the skin will become fresher and smoother. The main thing is that the habit of protecting your skin from the sun becomes the same for you as a daily shower.
STEP TWO: Smooth out wrinkles with retinol
How does it work? For more than twenty years, scientists have been researching how vitamin A and its derivatives affect the skin. And today, no one has any doubts that a more effective substance that stimulates the process of cell renewal does not exist in nature. For women who use a cream with a high content of vitamin A, wrinkles are reduced approximately 6 months after the start of the product.
Where to start?The most annoying side effect that retinol can have is flaking and redness of the skin. However, studies show that most often this reaction disappears without a trace after a while. If you are allergic to a product, try a product with a lower retinol content. And then, when the skin gets used, you can move on to more concentrated creams. Another trick you can try is to apply retinol cream only at night (the sun enhances its effect) and do it every other day.
Years youngerYou will notice changes in 6-8 weeks if you use a concentrated cream. A little later, the effect of less active cosmetic preparations will appear. By the way, you can try to prepare the "elixir of youth" yourself: buy liquid vitamin A at the pharmacy and add one drop to your favorite product, which you apply on your face in the evening. To prevent vitamin A from spoiling, be sure to store it in the refrigerator.
STEP THREE: Don't Forget Antioxidants
How does it work? Antioxidants neutralize free radicals, molecules that cause damage to skin cells and hence aging. Antioxidants boost immunity and also protect the skin from environmental influences such as polluted air or secondhand smoke. Scientists are still arguing about whether antioxidants can effectively affect damaged skin, but doctors agree on one thing - they are simply irreplaceable as a preventive agent.
Where to start? The content of antioxidants in certain foods is certainly high (grapes, blueberries, spinach), but, unfortunately, even consuming a huge amount of vegetables and fruits, it is impossible to fill the need of our body for microelements and vitamins. That is why dermatologists advise not only eating foods rich in antioxidants, but also applying creams containing them to the skin. Look for products that contain green tea or pomegranate extract, vitamins C and E, and coenzymes Q10.
A few years youngerYou will have to wait at least six months for the effect to become noticeable. During this time, the overall skin tone will improve, a he althy glow will appear, and fine wrinkles will become less noticeable. You may find that your skin starts to glow after the first application, know that it's not about antioxidants (they act gradually), but about good moisturizing ingredients.
STEP four: Sleep well
How does it work?Lack of sleep takes a toll on the way you look. Reddened or swollen eyes, bruises and bags, you see, do not make anyone younger. If you don't get enough sleep on a regular basis, your body's levels of cortisol, the stress hormone, increase, which in turn slows down the production of collagen, which is responsible for skin elasticity. One sleepless night is enough for the body to react with a decrease in vitality and immunity.
Where to start? With a very simple but effective step: try to go to bed at the same time (preferably no later than 23 hours). An hour before bedtime, it is advisable to avoid negative emotions - stop watching news or action movies. Read a good book, meditate or spend time with your loved one! Doctors believe that the level of cortisol in our body is practically reduced to zero during sleep or immediately after having sex.
Years younger It's hard to say how many years you can throw off with enough sleep, but a well-rested person looks definitely fresher and younger. This is due to the fact that at night the cells work intensively and multiply, due to which the protective barrier of the skin is restored.
STEP FIVE: Scrub regularly and gently
How does it work? Scrub works very effectively on the skin. By removing dead skin cells, you increase the production of collagen, which means you make your skin more youthful and radiant. Peeling is the best way to instantly improve the condition of the skin. As we age, skin becomes drier and dead cells clog pores, making skin rougher. When you remove them, young cells filled with moisture rise to the surface of the skin, and the active ingredients of the cosmetic product - antioxidants and retinoids - better penetrate into the deeper layers of the dermis. If you have sensitive skin, you should consult a dermatologist about peelings: dead cells often serve as a protection against irritation.
Where to start? The easiest way is to use ready-made scrubs, which are now in abundance. However, be careful: the size of the grains should not exceed granulated sugar, otherwise the scrub can injure the delicate skin of the face. For the most sensitive skin, chemical peels based on glycolic acid are best.
Years youngerIf you want a more visible effect, try a professional glycolic acid peel or microdermabrasion once a month.
STEP SIX: Boost Hydration
How does it work? During menopause, women need to use intense moisturizers daily. Dermatologists admit that most creams that promise noticeable wrinkle reduction in 2 weeks do so with extra hydration.
Where to start? The most effective moisturizers are glycerin, hyaluronic acid and lanolin. Natural moisturizers (olive, sunflower, coconut oils) also have an intense effect on the skin. However, they will have to be abandoned if your skin is prone to acne. By the way, scientists have come to the conclusion that the water we drink during the day has no effect on wrinkle smoothing.
Years youngerThe right moisturizer will give visible results right from the first application. To achieve a long-term effect, you need to use moisturizers constantly.