Which sun protection factor to choose

Fashion 2023
Which sun protection factor to choose
Which sun protection factor to choose
Anonim

Protect your skin from harmful radiation, and it will repay you with youth and he alth. Our tips will help you choose a cream with the right sun protection factor and teach you how to use it correctly.

Which sun protection factor to choose

Protect your skin from harmful radiation, and it will repay you with youth and he alth. If you love to be in the sun and at the same time neglect sunscreen, one day it can end very sadly. You look at yourself in the mirror and be surprised at the changes that have happened to you. Where did these wrinkles, age spots, or - even worse - a strange kind of mole that did not exist before come from? Doctors are convinced that it is never too late to change your habits and start treating your skin more carefully. Unfortunately, you will not be able to turn back the clock, but it is in your power to make sure that the condition of your skin does not worsen. Our tips will help you find the right sunscreen with a high SPF.

How to choose sun protection factor creams?

Buy what you like. The cream should match your lifestyle and addictions. If you don't like the texture or smell of a product, you probably won't be using it as often as you need to. Buy what suits you in all respects. Sunscreens with a transparent, non-sticky texture: Invisible Protection Spray, Nivea Sun; spray resistant to moisture and sweat, Sun Sport, Lancaster.

Study the composition. Pay attention to the protective components that make up the product, because the effectiveness of the cream depends on them. Titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, and avobenzone, also referred to as Parsol 1789, work best. Titanium and zinc in the cream provide protection against type A and B rays, and chemical protective elements block predominantly B rays and only some rays of group A. The exception is avobenzene and mexoril, which protect the skin from all types of sun rays. Mexoryl® filter sunscreens that provide absolute skin protection from ultraviolet radiation: Capital Soleil, Vichy; anti-aging body milk Solar Expertise, L’Oréal Paris.

Choose full protection. Packaging often says "Full Protection" or "Broad Spectrum Protection". The wording may be slightly different, but one thing is important: the product must protect against all types of sunlight. About 95% of solar radiation is ultraviolet A (UVA) rays, which penetrate deep into the skin and provoke the appearance of wrinkles, age spots and malignant tumors. UVB rays cause sunburn and can also lead to cancer. It is essential that your product protects the skin from both UVA and UVB. Sunscreens: Face Cream, Clinique Sun, with SolarSmart™ technology, which helps the skin protect itself from harmful UV radiation. Protective cream with luxurious texture Bronze Goddess, Estee Lauder; Buriti, L'Occitane, with buriti fruit oil to protect skin from aging and dehydration caused by sun exposure.

Choose a high sun protection factor. The sun protection factor (SPF) is a sun protection factor that indicates the effectiveness of a sunscreen. Which sun protection factor should I choose? For example, a factor of 15 suggests that you can stay in the sun 15 times longer with this sunscreen than without it. For example, if without a cream you burn in the sun in 10 minutes, then with a cream you can sunbathe for about 2 hours. However, you need to keep in mind that most people apply much less cream on the beach than doctors advise. That is why dermatologists recommend using sunscreens with a high protection factor - no lower than 30.

Be under no illusions when choosing creams with a sun protection factor. Just because a sun protection factor of 45 or higher is indicated on the package, this does not mean that you can be on sun as much as you want. SPF 30 blocks up to 96% of the sun's rays, while SPF 45 blocks only 1% more. If you have fair and sensitive skin, always choose the maximum protection factor.

How to apply the cream correctly?

1 Do it in advance.Apply cream at least 15 minutes before leaving the house to allow the skin to absorb the protective agents. Ideally, this should be done half an hour before going out and before you get dressed.

2 Don't save money. For full protection of the whole body, about 30 g of cream is needed, according to dermatologists. The main mistake of most people is that they apply insufficient amount of product to the skin. Pay special attention to the face, shoulders, chest. For example, for the face and neck, you will need about 1 teaspoon of cream.

3 Try something new. Not only protective creams are now on sale, but also sprays, wipes and foundation creams, which not only give the face an even tone, but also block UV penetration -rays. The most convenient to use are sprays with a sun protection factor. They can be sprayed from any angle, which means that you can apply sunscreen even on your own back without anyone's help. Another option is wipes soaked in sunscreen. Their main advantage is that they allow you to apply the product on the skin very evenly. And loose powder and foundation are great for exposed areas that are most exposed to the sun: the face, chest, neck and shoulders. If you need additional protection, you can first apply lotion to the skin, then powder. Our Pick: Photo'Perfexion Fluid, Givenchy, SPF 20.

4 Keep track of the time. Every 2 hours, reapply sunscreen. If you have been actively involved in sports or have been swimming for a long time, then you need to apply the cream immediately after swimming or playing beach volleyball. Timely application is the basis of proper tanning. Discussions are underway to require manufacturers to indicate the maximum interval between applications of the cream on the packaging.

Myths about solar protection

Despite the undoubted benefits that sunscreens bring to the skin, many of us doubt their effectiveness. Dermatologists address four of the most common sun protection myths.

Myth 1 Protective lotion won't save you from skin cancer

True.Many researchers accuse sunscreen manufacturers of misleading people into believing sunscreen is a reliable way to protect from the hot sun. As an argument against sunscreens, statistics are given that clearly demonstrate that the number of skin cancer cases has been increasing in recent years. However, most dermatologists still agree that the reason for such statistics is the irresponsible behavior of people, and not creams at all. Sunscreen can protect you from skin cancer, but only if you take other precautions as well. Namely, do not sunbathe from 10 am to 4 pm, wear close-fitting cotton clothing, and stay in the shade during the hours when the sun is at its strongest.

Myth 2 Nanoparticles found in sunscreens can be harmful to the body

True.Nanoparticles of titanium dioxide and zinc oxide contained in sunscreens do not penetrate the skin and are therefore absolutely safe. Despite this, some doctors fear that small particles can still penetrate the bloodstream and cause irreparable harm to internal organs. However, until now, no evidence of such a danger has been provided by doctors. And yet, if you do not want to risk, we advise you to choose proven brands that do not use nanoparticles in their creams.

Myth 3 Don't wear sunscreen because it blocks the good vitamin D

True. Dermatologists consider this point of view an outright delusion. Doctors suggest that such rumors are deliberately spread by manufacturers of solariums so that people go there for "artificial" vitamin D. Indeed, protective products reduce the production of vitamin D slightly, but it is easy to replenish it through proper nutrition.

Myth 4 Antioxidants in regular sun cream enhance sun protection

True.Green tea or grapes may protect against a small amount of UV rays, but they can't provide even a fraction of the protection that SPF does. Antioxidants are a great addition to an SPF cream, but don't count as a sunscreen on their own.

Sunless tan

Tan Tips

1 Apply your regular moisturizing lotion to your skin. Pay special attention to the driest areas of the skin that absorb the most cream - elbows, knees, ankles. Otherwise, these areas will be highlighted.

2 Apply a thin layer of self-tanner and reapply after a couple of days. So the tan develops gradually and will look natural.

3 Don't skip the neck and under the chin area. These areas are the ones most often overlooked.

4 Apply lotion in circular motions, spreading thoroughly. This way you can avoid divorce. Brilliant Bronze, Shiseido; Intense Bronze Self Tanning Tint, Clarins; Flash Bronzer, Lancôme;Dior Bronze.

Sun protection factor for your skin type

Sensitive skin

First of all, you should pay attention to hypoallergenic products without the addition of fragrances that can irritate the skin. Choose natural sunscreens like zinc oxide or titanium dioxide. They are not absorbed into the skin, but form the thinnest protective film on its surface, protecting it from all types of UV rays. Sun Milk for Sun Sensitive Skin with SPF 50+, Ambre Solaire, Garnier. Acne prone skin If you suffer from pimples and acne, chances are your skin will react to the use of a barrier cream. The best option is a light product that does not contain oil, with chemical protective elements - avobenzene and oxybenzene. 8 rules for safe tanning.

Dry skin

For those with dry skin, a product with additional moisturizing ingredients, such as glycerin and aloe, is suitable. You should not use protective sprays or gels, as they often contain alcohol, which dries out the skin. Moisturizing milk Hydra +, RoC, with SPF 15.

Oily skin

Avoid creams that list mineral oils as ingredients. Light products based on chemical protective elements that do not leave an oily sheen on the skin are suitable for you. Sunscreen face Anthelios XL Fluid Extreme SPF 50+, La Roche-Posay, for combination skin prone to oiliness. If you swim or play sports a lot, you will need a waterproof protective cream. If you apply it on the skin in sufficient quantities, you can stay in the water from 40 minutes to an hour. These products adhere well to wet skin, so they are ideal for active people who move a lot and sweat in the sun.

Now you know which sun protection factor to choose! We wish you a beautiful and safe tan.

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