Travel first aid kit

Health 2023
Travel first aid kit
Travel first aid kit
Anonim

In order for the vacation to go as well as possible, you need to foresee possible complications in advance. And competently prepare for solving typical summer problems

Travel first aid kit

In order for the vacation to go as well as possible, you need to foresee possible complications in advance. And competently prepare for solving typical summer problems.

1 Sunburn

• To avoid sunburn, use sunscreen with a SPF of at least 15, preferably 20.

• If your skin is still red and inflamed after exposure to the sun, take a cool bath.

• An aspirin or paracetamol tablet can help relieve pain.

• Drink more water to replace fluid loss. After bathing, apply body moisturizers and coolers designed for skin care after sun exposure.

• A proven way to relieve burning, redness and soreness is to sprinkle the burnt areas with thermal water for the face without perfume, aloe gel and After Sun body milk, which contains zinc, also help.

2 Overheating

In the heat, the body loses too much fluid and s alt, and the body can not cope with overheating. Its symptoms are headache, dizziness, blackout feeling, nausea, and muscle weakness. In this case, you need to quickly move to a cool and darkened room, lie down, drink mineral or lightly s alted water. If urgent measures are not taken immediately, heat stroke can occur - a condition that seriously threatens he alth, in which the mechanism responsible for thermoregulation of the body is destroyed.

3 Skin irritations

In the heat, the skin becomes especially sensitive, so redness, itching, irritation and even a rash can appear, especially when the sweat glands are blocked by special hygiene products.

• Light clothing made of thin cotton will help get rid of discomfort. If itching and rashes bother you a lot, take antihistamines, and externally - lubricate the affected skin with an antipruritic zinc lotion (you can buy a "talker" in pharmacies where medicines are made to order) or a gel with an antihistamine component.

• If itching and rashes on the skin are caused by an allergic reaction to ultraviolet rays (and such a reaction occurs in an increasing number of people), then the above methods will help in this case too. In addition, use sunscreen with an SPF of at least 25 and wear as much clothing as possible.

4 Diarrhea

More than half of travelers to hot overseas countries experience symptoms of diarrhea. Indigestion can be caused by both unusual food and a change in the composition of the water, but is more often of an infectious nature.

• To protect yourself, avoid salads in exotic places, in general, eat any fresh vegetables and fruits only if you can wash and clean them yourself, and meat and fish - only if they have passed high-quality heat treatment (properly boiled, fried or baked on fire). In countries where hygiene leaves much to be desired, water should only be drunk from bottles. Since most gut microbes tolerate low temperatures well and can survive in ice for several days (they do not die even if this ice is placed in hard alcoholic drinks), avoid iced drinks in bars.

• If you still failed to protect yourself, try to compensate for the loss of fluid. A solution of s alt and sugar will help here (a pinch per glass of boiled water), but it is better to dilute a bag of rehydron. Adults can take imodium or other antidiarrheal drugs that will help relieve acute symptoms, probiotics (bactisubtil, bifiform, narine) or antacids (phosphalugel or smecta: take 1 sachet 3-4 times a day), which have an enveloping and adsorbing effect, will also help, partially protecting the stomach from irritating effects.

5 Food poisoning

In summer, cases of food poisoning occur twice as often - heat, insects and other factors that favor the reproduction of bacteria play a role here. To protect yourself from poisoning, follow these simple rules:

• Avoid unpasteurized milk and dairy products.

• Wash your hands after touching raw meat or fish and before eating.

• Keep raw meats and cooked foods separate and use different knives, utensils and cutting boards.

• If you are barbecue or barbecue, make sure the meat is well cooked.

• If you experience any symptoms of food poisoning (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and stomach pain), drink plenty of water before your doctor arrives to make up for fluid loss (see tips for diarrhea).

6 Flight difficulties

• If you can't handle air travel well, take your motion sickness medication with you, take it one hour before boarding.

• The air in the cockpit is very dry, so to avoid dehydration, use moisturizers for the skin, drink still water, often and little by little - at least 1 glass per hour. If you wear contact lenses, stock up on special drops, such as "natural tears". But it is better to exclude alcohol and coffee.

• In a long flight, the legs are especially tired and numb, as long sitting in a stationary position contributes to circulatory disorders. To avoid stagnation in the legs, it is recommended to wear loose-fitting clothing and soft, comfortable shoes during the flight. And try to move more - stretch your legs, step from foot to foot, walk around the salon more often.

• In order not to stuff your ears during takeoff and landing, stock up on lollipops - frequent swallowing movements help to “unload” the auditory canals. Traveler's Kit When you're about to embark on a trip out of town, to a country house, or a seaside resort, a properly stocked first aid kit should be the most important item on your must-have list.

• Be sure to include products for treating wounds and abrasions - disinfectants, bactericidal plaster, bandage, cotton wool and / or cotton buds

• Antiseptic lotion or cream, antiseptic wipes

• Painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs

• Antihistamine tablets

• Medicines for indigestion and dehydration

• Insect repellent

• Gel or cream that relieves itching after insect bites

• Thermometer in secure case, tweezers and scissors

• Moisturizing, sun protection and anti-burn products

• Validol or valocordin for every fireman

People with chronic diseases who are prescribed to take certain medications, in addition to the supply of necessary daily drugs, just in case, should take with them a prescription or a note from the attending physician, which will indicate the international name of the medicine and its generic analogues. This will help the traveler, if necessary, receive adequate medical care abroad.

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