How not to be afraid of "swine" flu

Health 2023
How not to be afraid of "swine" flu
How not to be afraid of "swine" flu
Anonim

55 cases of influenza A/California/04/2009 (H1N1) confirmed in Russia.

How not to be afraid of "swine" flu

As of August 3, 2009, 55 cases of influenza A/ California/04/2009 (H1N1) have been confirmed in Russia.

The world heard about H1N1 for the first time in March 2009, when more than 1,000 cases of infection with influenza, popularly called "swine flu", were recorded in Mexico. WHO opposed this name, as the virus began to spread from person to person.

The disease did not last long within the borders of Mexico, just a few days after the first Mexican reports, information began to come in about confirmed cases of influenza in the USA, Canada, Great Britain, Israel, New Zealand.

Due to the rapid spread of the virus, WHO has sounded the alarm, recognizing that the situation is beginning to develop into an emergency. Today, WHO has raised the pandemic threat level of the virus from 4 to 5 on a six-point scale, due to the fact that for the first time a human death from "swine" flu was recorded outside of Mexico, namely in the United States. Cases of infection have been registered in the USA, Mexico, Australia, South Africa, Canada, New Zealand, Czech Republic, Great Britain, Spain, Germany, Israel, France, Turkey, Taiwan, Russia, Kazakhstan and many other countries of the world. The total number of laboratory-confirmed cases of human disease caused by the A/H1N1 virus in the world is 160,038, including 991 deaths. WHO says the virus could spread across the planet in 18-24 months, infecting 1.5 billion and killing 7 million people.

Symptoms

Swine flu symptoms include high fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, body aches, headache, chills and weakness. A significant number of people infected with H1N1 also experience diarrhea and vomiting. Rospotrebnadzor also cites additional symptoms in which emergency medical care should be called.

In children

  • rapid or labored breathing;
  • bluish or gray skin;
  • not drinking;
  • severe or persistent vomiting;
  • baby doesn't wake up;
  • irritability, child can't stand being held;
  • flu-like symptoms improve but then return with high fever and worsening cough.

Adults

  • shortness of breath or shortness of breath;
  • pain or feeling of heaviness in the chest or abdomen;
  • sudden dizziness;
  • confusion;
  • severe or persistent vomiting;
  • flu-like symptoms improve but then return with high fever and worsening cough.

Vaccine

The question of when, finally, there will be a vaccine against influenza caused by the H1N1 virus, worries many. We were told at the Research Institute of Influenza of the Northwestern Branch of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences that work is now underway to produce an experimental series of monovaccines based on the A / H1N1 sw1 virus strain and prepare them for clinical trials, which are scheduled to begin in September. If the research is successful, 12 million doses of the pandemic vaccine will be produced by the end of the year. Also, the Research Institute of Influenza told us that research is currently underway on a new antiviral drug called Triazavirin, which is active against a wide range of viruses.

In order not to get sick with a dangerous flu, the chief sanitary doctor of Russia, Gennady Onishchenko, recommends refraining from spending holidays abroad. Due to the holiday season, the number of sick Russians is rapidly increasing every week, rested fellow citizens bring the virus from foreign trips.

Treatment

If you still feel the symptoms of the disease, Rospotrebnadzor recommends staying at home for at least 7 days, protecting yourself from contact with people as much as possible and seek medical help.

Your doctor will determine if you need flu lab testing or special treatment.

Aspirin or preparations containing aspirin (eg, bismuth subsalicylate - pepto-bismol) should not be given to confirmed or suspected novel influenza A/H1N1 cases in persons 18 years of age or younger due to risk development of Reye's syndrome. Other antipyretics such as acetaminophen (paracetamol, panadol) or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are recommended to reduce high fever. Check labels on over-the-counter cold and flu products to see if they contain aspirin.

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