Influenza treatment

Health 2023
Influenza treatment
Influenza treatment
Anonim

What to do and what not to do if someone in the family has the flu?

Flu treatment

To make a diagnosis of the flu, you need to know only one fact: the flu begins immediately with a high temperature, which rises like a candle against the background of sometimes almost complete he alth. the disease begins so suddenly that some patients can name the time of its onset, sometimes up to half an hour. The temperature can rise quite quickly, so the patient will have chills, a headache, photophobia, and pain in the eyes are possible. These are typical signs of the onset of the flu.

The main thing is not to panic! Influenza is an infection that the vast majority of people endure calmly, get immunity to it, and after a few days they feel quite he althy. Despite the panic raised in the media, swine flu does not have any particularly harmful qualities. And mortality from influenza has always been, is and will be. However, as mentioned above, this is not the case for the vast majority of people.

Create optimal conditions for the patient:

The sick person should be put to bed, covered warmly, but at the same time ventilate the room and humidify the air. Temperature is about 20 °C, humidity is 50−70%. Turn on the humidifier, wash the floors, hang wet towels or special water evaporators on the central heating radiators. Change them as moisture evaporates. Ventilate the room as often as possible. You can do this right in front of the patient, who needs to be warmly covered at the same time.

The flu virus does not live in cool air, and with high humidity, the patient's mucous membranes do not dry out and the body itself is able to fight the infection. This is what should be remembered by those who use immunostimulants for prevention. Immunity only works if the nasal mucosa is hydrated. Therefore, moist air, abundant drinking and moisturizing of the mucous membranes are so important. But this will be discussed further.

Do not force the sick person to eat. If he asks for a snack, then give him something light, carbohydrate, liquid. Read our flu diet recommendations. But in general, low-fat chicken broth with croutons, warm milk with honey, tea with apple or lemon and raspberries - these funds are needed in any case.

Drink a lot. See previous point. Give a warm drink in the form in which the patient tolerates it. Do not drink boiled water to the sick person, that is, drink too hot - take care of the mucous membrane of the oropharynx! Ideally, the temperature of the drink should be equal to body temperature. If the child is biting, give him little and often water from a spoon. As strange as it may sound, drinking is the main treatment for the flu! Give the patient compotes, fruit drinks, decoctions of dried fruits - let him say for himself that he is thirsty. In pharmacies, by the way, there are solutions of electrolytes - rehydron, gastrolith - they can also be given, especially to those who have stool disorder against the background of temperature.

Difficulties may arise with the elderly or with those who have kidney disease. Everything is individual here - however, they also need to increase their drinking regimen during the flu.

Rinse your mucous membranes. You don't have to run to the pharmacy. It is enough to make an elementary saline solution - a teaspoon of s alt in a glass of water. Pour the resulting solution into any vial and puff into the nose as often as possible. You can use any solutions from the pharmacy - those that contain s alt water.

Make a bottle for each family member and sign them. Washing the mucous membranes of the nose is an excellent flu prevention for those who have to live with a sick person under the same roof.

Do not drip vasoconstrictor drops into the nose - they dry the mucosa. On the first day, the patient usually does not have a runny nose. If a runny nose interferes with sleep - drops from a runny nose can be dripped at night. But in this case, first rinse the mucous membranes, blow your nose, then rinse the mucous membrane again and only after that drip vasoconstrictor drops. Place a humidifier next to the sick person so that the mucous membranes do not dry out.

NEVER USE ASPIRIN FOR FLU

You can use distracting procedures - soar legs, put cups - but this is not a treatment as such, therefore, it strives to do it without fail, especially if the patient is ill - it is not necessary. Drinking, moist air, rinsing the nose is more important.

Viral infections are not treated with antibiotics. Antibiotics do not reduce, but increase the risk of complications. Therefore - no antibiotics without a doctor's prescription. You can drink antiviral drugs, but you should also consult a specialist about taking them. They are not as effective as advertised. Various "flu" pops should be used carefully - dyes are often added to them, which is not useful for the body that fights the infection. And they often contain aspirin - and it is absolutely impossible to use it with the flu!

Bed rest for the first days of illness. No need for labor exploits. When you go to work with the flu, you risk not only earning complications, but also infecting others. And then, in a week, you run the risk of staying at your workplace in splendid isolation - because your colleagues will fall ill. A few days of your absence will not make the weather.

Calling a doctor. Not really necessary in most cases. If you need a sick leave, then, of course, you should call the clinic. But if the doctor does not come on the first day, but simply calls, this happens during the epidemic. You need to understand that when a doctor comes to you, he brings with him viruses from other patients whom he visited before you. However, there are situations when a doctor is simply necessary.

When you need a doctor:

  • a baby or a pregnant woman gets sick;

  • no improvement on the fourth day of illness;
  • high body temperature persists on the seventh day of illness;
  • deterioration after improvement;
  • severe general condition of the condition with moderate symptoms of SARS;
  • appearance alone or in combination: pale skin; thirst, shortness of breath, intense pain anywhere, purulent discharge;
  • increased cough, decreased productivity (no sputum, dry, barking); deep breath leads to coughing fit;
  • paracetamol and ibuprofen do not help, practically do not help or very briefly help with an increase in body temperature.

A doctor is required and urgently needed (ambulance):

  • loss of consciousness;
  • convulsions;
  • signs of respiratory distress (shortness of breath, shortness of breath, feeling short of breath);

  • intense pain anywhere;
  • even mild sore throat in the absence of a runny nose;
  • even mild headache combined with vomiting;
  • neck swelling;
  • a rash that doesn't go away with pressure;
  • body temperature above 39°C that does not start to drop 30 minutes after taking antipyretics;
  • any increase in body temperature with chills and pale skin.

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