Women's consultation for all ages
There are things that are sometimes difficult to discuss even with a doctor. In fact, every third woman is embarrassed to talk about some female intimate problems, so over time they can turn into a real disaster. But these problems can be solved.
A false sense of shame dooms us sometimes to suffering alone with the disease. But it is enough to arm yourself with information, and the enemy will be defeated!
Urinary tract infections
An active sex life with frequent change of partners is always a certain risk of contracting a bacterial infection. Bacteria primarily penetrate the genitourinary system and can cause various diseases. The most common symptoms are burning, itching, painful urination, and unusual discharge. Of course, there is a popular method of protection - condoms, especially those containing spermicides. But, although they protect against vaginal infections and unwanted pregnancies, they increase the possibility of contracting a urinary tract infection. Why? Spermicides irritate the vaginal flora, creating favorable conditions for the adaptation of some bacteria. In order to avoid this problem, it is necessary to urinate immediately after sexual intercourse. After that, it is recommended to wash with a special antibacterial soap or intimate gel. In addition, doctors recommend drinking 2-3 glasses of cranberry juice as a preventive measure. The antioxidants in cranberries help flush out bacteria from the bladder. If you experience severe discomfort, contact your urologist immediately.
Pain that occurs directly during intercourse can be caused by several reasons. For example, antihistamines can cause vaginal dryness and pain, so if you use them, talk to your doctor about changing the drug. Perhaps you don’t have enough lubricant, for this now there are special tools, only you need to buy them not in sex shops, but in pharmacies. If you have a reason to suspect infection with any infection, you should immediately contact a specialist. Sometimes the pain can go away on its own. But it can become permanent, a considerable number of women suffer from this, but many of them are embarrassed to talk about this problem with a partner, and this eventually ends with a decrease in desire and, in extreme cases, fear and refusal of sexual intercourse in women. Until you determine the cause, the symptoms may appear more and more often, each time with renewed vigor. Therefore, first of all, you should check with a gynecologist. If, on the physical side, everything turns out to be in order, contact a sex therapist. Sexual intercourse normally should not be painful. Maybe the reason is quite a lot of character? For example, do you tell your partner what positions you like and don't like? It is possible that you are only hurt in a certain position.
Doctors recommend drinking cranberry juice as a preventive measure.
Thrush occurs in women of absolutely all age groups. Approximately 75% of the representatives of the weaker sex of the planet at least once in their lives experienced vaginal itching, pain upon contact with a sexual partner, or discomfort during urination. And the culprit of such troubles is most often thrush - a disease caused by a fungus. It can be caused by things like chronic sleep deprivation, stress, being treated with certain medications, or even pregnancy. Never try to treat yourself and at the first manifestations go to the doctor. More often, doctors limit themselves to the appointment of special drugs, but in some cases there is a need for a comprehensive solution to the problem. Thrush is not always accurately diagnosed, so sometimes treatment does not work. In such cases, research is required in special laboratories.
More than 40% of women are naturally prone to constant menstrual irregularities, which simply speaks of the peculiarities of their constitution. In addition, menstruation disorders are possible due to hormonal imbalance in favor of male hormones - androgens. External signs of such an imbalance: excess weight, increased hairiness (especially on the face). By the way, this is the most common cause of infertility.
For an accurate diagnosis, consult your doctor, take special tests (blood test, ultrasound, etc.). There are many drugs that normalize the cycle and the level of androgens in the body. Maintaining a normal weight is very important, as body fat affects the production of hormones. Another reason that can cause menstrual failure is thyroid disease. By the way, women over 40 years old, even in the absence of alarming symptoms, should have a thyroid examination every five years as a preventive measure.
Approximately 1 in 10 women has endometriosis. This disease is characterized by excessive growth of the uterine tissue (endometrium) and is more common in women over 27 years of age. Its main symptom is acute pain before the onset of menstruation. This disease can cause infertility, so it is best to seek treatment at the first symptoms, in more severe cases, surgery is used to quickly and effectively eliminate the problem.
After 35, more than 40% of women have fibroids. These are small benign formations on the wall of the uterus and in the mucous membranes. Many women do not even suspect that something is wrong with them, as a rule, fibroids are detected by ultrasound. The usual symptoms are: pain during intercourse, painful menstruation, frequent urination (due to the fact that sometimes the fibroma presses on the wall of the bladder). Such formations are really dangerous only if they appear in the uterine cavity, as this can lead to infertility. This may be because fibroids change the shape of the uterus or secrete substances that prevent conception.
Usually, women do not need special treatment when they are detected, but if they provoke severe bleeding during menstruation, special drugs are prescribed to restore normal levels of hemoglobin and iron. In special cases, doctors recommend surgical removal of fibroids.
This phenomenon - the so-called prolapse - is common among women after 50 years. What's happening? With age, the muscles weaken, the bladder, having lost its muscular support, gradually settles and begins to put pressure on the rectum and uterus, which can eventually lead to their partial loss. Risk factors are obesity, late pregnancy, constant weight lifting and physical overload. Such a problem can lead to difficulties in the functioning of the kidneys and bladder, intestines. There are several ways of treatment: a simple correction - a bandage, and in more serious cases - plastic surgery. Now Russian doctors are successfully using a new technique - the Prolift operation, which is the use of synthetic prostheses in reconstructive pelvic surgery that support the pelvic organs. As a result, the doctor reconstructs the patient's pelvic floor almost completely. A special advantage of the method: such operations are easily tolerated and recovery takes only a few days. And then it all depends on your caution!
Menopause can come on quietly, after a long transition that sometimes lasts up to 10 years. During this time, the level of female hormones - progesterone and estrogen - in the body gradually changes. Usually menopause occurs between the ages of 47 and 52, although there are cases of early menopause (at 35), in most cases this can be explained by the presence of heart or gynecological diseases. Meanwhile, menopause and menopause are not the same thing. The first is a natural period in a woman's life, and the second is a complex of painful manifestations that provoke the development of diseases. That's what they call "climacteric syndrome". If you are thrown into hot or cold, your mood constantly changes, your heart rate increases, cold sweat appears, etc., perhaps these are symptoms of menopause.
But all these ailments can be overcome and live a full life. Taking special drugs will relieve you of insomnia and normalize the menstrual cycle. And even if the first signs of menopause appear, you still need to use protection: if at the age of 45 years and older your periods become irregular or short, you can still get pregnant. Make positive lifestyle changes to help you get through this period more easily. Light physical activity that you enjoy, walking in the fresh air for at least 30 minutes is especially useful at this time. We advise you to eat fish, walnuts and vegetable oils more often: these products contain many valuable omega-3 fatty acids, which also affect your mood. And do not forget about your loved ones: tenderness and love are mutual feelings!
This nasty thing can happen at any age. But young women are much more likely to get sick, as they change sexual partners more often. The most common sexually transmitted diseases are gonorrhea (characterized by severe pain during urination, purulent discharge, itching and burning) and chlamydia (there are no special symptoms, but may be accompanied by a burning sensation in the vagina and pain during urination). These infections are treated only with antibiotics. The most important thing is not to waste time, even if you do not have any signs of illness, a woman should be regularly observed by a gynecologist and take the necessary tests. Sexually transmitted diseases, if they are not detected and treated in a timely manner, eventually lead to inflammation and chronic diseases of the genital organs. And this is one of the most common causes of infertility.
Particularly insidious are fungal diseases that affect the mucous membrane of the genital organs. According to statistics, every second person becomes infected with a fungus in the most active sexual period of his life. The fungus for the time being may not manifest itself in any way, you may never know that you are infected. So at any age, regardless of sexual activity, it is recommended to be sure to take a test for the presence of a fungus.
Bacterial vaginosis most often occurs in women during pregnancy. The cause, as a rule, is inflammatory changes and the penetration of pathogenic bacteria into the vaginal flora. The symptoms are similar to those that occur with thrush. This disease is more susceptible to women aged 20-30 years. At the first symptoms, consult a doctor. If left untreated, vaginosis can develop into more serious conditions and complicate pregnancy.
This disease is especially common among women over fifty. But it can occur earlier, at the age of 40, and in very rare cases even at 30! Doctors for a long time could not establish the first manifestations of the symptoms of ovarian cancer, but recently, during the course of research, the first signs of the disease were derived: paroxysmal pain in the lower abdomen, bloating, lack of appetite or too fast satiety, frequent urination. If these symptoms become regular for several weeks, you should see a doctor. The main thing - do not panic! Having these symptoms alone does not mean you have ovarian cancer. You just need to be examined in order, as the doctors say, to exclude this disease.
Establishing a diagnosis includes a special analysis and ultrasound. Treatment usually begins with removal of the ovary and lymph node testing to determine the stage of the cancer. This is a fairly rare disease, but if there is a history of cancer in the family, you should be checked more often, regardless of the presence or absence of warning signs. By the way, a much lower risk of ovarian cancer in women who have at least one child and breastfeeding than in nulliparous women. Pregnancy itself protects the female body from many diseases.