Advice "TO" will help you decide on a new profession and tell you where to start.
Almost a year and a half ago, Anna first thought that very soon she would have to change her usual way of life. In the autumn of 2008, the number of students in the private school where she works decreased significantly, and her salary decreased first by 20%, and then by another 30%. Anna's husband is a history teacher at the university, and she herself is an English teacher. When their daughter was born four years ago, Anna left the public school because the private workload was much lower and the salary higher. Anna is now 37 and doesn't want to go back to a regular school full-time while her daughter is so young. Nevertheless, Anna faced a choice: what to do next? “We have significantly reduced all expenses, and in the summer we spent our holidays in the country. But if my salary decreases even more, we simply won’t be able to make ends meet: my husband’s work is also not going smoothly.”
Anna and her husband are clearly not alone in their concerns. According to the Ministry of He alth and Social Development of Russia, the official number of unemployed who have registered with employment agencies is approaching seven million people. And if two years ago many Russians were quite satisfied with their work and did not even think about changing their profession, now the question of a new speci alty is one of the most urgent.
Major career changes rarely go smoothly. And whether you're looking to learn a new profession or start your own business, keep in mind that the transition period will take anywhere from one to three years. This is when earnings tend to drop from baseline, and that's when the most problems arise. To make the changes go as smoothly as possible, draw up a detailed action plan in advance.
Think: what kind of work are you interested in?
As a result, a few days after the wedding, a friend of ours called me. Her husband had an anniversary coming up, and she was ready to pay me for organizing a budget, but high-quality holiday.” On reflection, Julia realized that she had all the necessary qualities for a new profession. Having worked as a re altor for 15 years, she knows how to find a common language with people, is attentive to details, observant. In addition, she always liked to organize various events: it was on her shoulders that the preparation for the New Year and March 8 fell. “Even in a crisis, people get married and celebrate anniversaries, and they are very worried about the price of the event,” says Yulia. - My friend works at a school and graduated from the 11th grade last spring. I plucked up my courage and went to a parent-teacher meeting and asked, "How much are you planning to spend on graduation?" I offered to organize the same cheaper, better, and promised that the parents would not have to do anything. Everything went great, and I already have an order from the same school for next year, and from two graduating classes at once. Now the real estate market has stabilized, and I'm working as a re altor again, but at the same time I'm doing what I really like.”
Where to start? Try to understand what field of activity you are attracted to. For starters, let your wishes be fairly general. For example, like this: “I want to work with children.” Then you need to specify your wishes. What age children would you like to work with? Do you want to look after them, teach them or have something else to offer? When you can specify your intentions, start studying the vacancies offered by recruiting agencies. On the website hh.ru you can find vacancies in all regions of Russia. The same resource will help you understand what salary you should expect.
• Keep a computer file or a folder for papers, where you will enter professions and vacancies that seem interesting to you. Gradually, you will have a databank from which you can choose.
• Analyze how stable the area you have chosen is. This is where the Internet and advice from HR experts can help.
• Consider if you can do for money what you are currently doing for free. Anna, the heroine of our first story, unexpectedly discovered a new field of activity for herself. “I cannot imagine my life without work in the field of education. Before the decree, I worked at a school, then at a university, taught at preparatory courses, at one time even worked in the district department of education. That is, I know a lot about the education system in our city. And once, when my friends could not choose a school for their son, I gave them some useful advice. "Yes, this is invaluable information!" - they exclaimed, and these words gave me a new thought: maybe someone will be willing to pay for it? Now my husband and I have created our own small agency and help people find a school, kindergarten, university for children with different abilities and different requests.
It turned out to be very much requested information! Parents often cannot make the right choice, but I just need to come to the school and talk to the administration or call my acquaintances from the district education department to understand what's what.”
Prepare a plan
It is clear that 11 years after graduation, I fell behind the times. But I quickly managed to get a job as a legal assistant, for this my knowledge turned out to be enough, besides, I am a fast learner. I can work with documents and office equipment, I can read English well.” Elena did not want to spend time and money on advanced training or additional education, but in many cases this will not be enough.
Where to start? Try to answer the following questions in as much detail as possible:
• What skills from your last job could you use in your new job?
• What projects, products and services can you offer to a potential employer or clients (if you are going to start your own business)?
• Which of these products and services will generate the most profit? Which require the most investment?
• Consider what additional skills and knowledge you might need to add value to yourself?
• How much time can you devote to acquiring this knowledge? Do not rush to answer that if you have a main job and a family, you will devote 2 hours to this every day. Be objective.
Plan your expenses.
Where to start? Calculate how much money you need. Add up your usual day-to-day expenses and the amount you will need to spend each month on training or starting your own business. Then multiply the resulting number by 12 - this is the amount you will need over the next year. If you're planning on leaving your current job right away, or have already been fired, will savings keep you going for a full year?
• Consider this: Can you continue in your current position and study at the same time?
• At first, do not refuse to work for free. Svetlana is 28 years old, divorced and raising her five-year-old son alone. Until recently, she worked in an advertising agency, but when sales and, consequently, her salary decreased sharply, she decided to do what she had long dreamed of. In parallel with her main work, she graduated from hairdressing courses, which cost her 10 thousand rubles for 72 academic hours. Then, throughout the year, she cut and dyed everyone for free on weekends - relatives, acquaintances, neighbors. A year later, she had enough clients willing to pay for her work, and Svetlana was able to quit the advertising agency. “I get about the same amount of money,” she says. “But I have a free schedule, and often I can work at home, which means I spend more time with my child.”
If you were fired from your redundancy job and you registered with the labor exchange, in some cases you may be offered a new profession for free or at a significant discount.
Starting a new business.
Be prepared for the fact that at the interview you will definitely be asked: “Why did you decide to change your field of activity?” And you will need to reasonably and adequately answer this question. And, of course, you will need a well-written resume.
Where to start? If you have worked in a new profession on a voluntary basis, be sure to include this information in your resume. Write about your achievements.
• If you have made a major career change, list skills you learned in a previous job that might be useful to a new employer. Most often, interviewers are confused by the lack of experience of applicants, and your task is to convince interviewers that you will be able to use the knowledge acquired at the last place, and the employer will only benefit from this.
• Move towards the goal. One of the most common mistakes recruiters point out is taking too long to prepare for a new job. A person tries to thoroughly study the market, learn much more and prepare for any vicissitudes of fate. When you have received the basic information, you need to move on to action, that is, look for opportunities to get started and gain practical experience.
How to get money to develop your own business
Large cities have small business support programs. But by issuing subsidies, the authorities expect to receive a return in the form of an increase in tax deductions and the creation of new jobs. Therefore, entrepreneurs who are ready to justify the importance of their business for the city can count on budget money.
What do you need to do?
1. Conduct a detailed assessment of your assets and items of expenditure, opportunities and risks. Assess how realistic your development plans are.
2. Prepare a package of documents for the provision of the tender commission for financial support. The more meaningful it is, the higher the likelihood of a positive assessment of your prospects. But first of all, a feasibility study of a business project and accounting documents are needed to track the dynamics of the company's development.
3. An indispensable condition for the successful receipt of a subsidy is the presence of a certificate of registration of the company in the Register of Small Enterprises.
4. When the project for which you requested a grant expires, it will be time to report to the city structures.
For all practical issues related to obtaining a subsidy, you can contact the Center for Entrepreneurship Development at the place of "registration" of your enterprise.
The most demanded professions in Russia: (according to Head Hunter agency)
• insurance agent
• Customer Support Specialist, IT Engineer
• Specialists from the field of "Medicine and Pharmaceuticals" (pharmacist, doctor)
The ability to adapt to new conditions is your path to success!
21% of Russian companies officially announce that they have laid off employees over the past year. The number of unofficial cuts can only be guessed at.