40% of all medical errors are due to misdiagnosis. 4 diagnoses that doctors most often make mistakes
Does the doctor's diagnosis cause you doubts? To understand what you are sick with, you need to exclude other diseases with similar symptoms
For example, many diseases have similar symptoms, or they can be accurately determined only after additional (and sometimes repeated) laboratory or hardware studies. What to do if the doctor, confident that he made an accurate diagnosis, considers them unnecessary?
If you ask the “correct” leading or clarifying questions, you will help both the doctor and yourself not only prevent a mistake, but even save your life.
1. Your symptoms: Loss of sensation on one side, headaches, dizziness, sudden blurred vision, impaired coordination and/or pronunciation
The doctor says it's vegetative-vascular dystonia, migraine or a disease of the inner ear (auditory "labyrinth").
What could it be: a stroke
Why is there a mistake? Numerous studies have shown that 14% of strokes in people under the age of 45 are misdiagnosed. Not so long ago, such a disease was attributed only to the elderly. Today, stroke is “younger” and more and more often overtakes young and full of strength people.
We are talking about one of the types of stroke - ischemic, associated with impaired cerebral blood supply. The symptoms of a stroke are varied. It is important to remember that if you suddenly have such sensations, then you must definitely tell your doctor about them.
Moreover, by drawing the attention of a doctor to moderate or mild symptoms and taking urgent measures, you can prevent serious complications such as impaired speech and paralysis.
Be vigilant! One should always pay attention to the weakness in the arm or leg, numbness, sudden doubling of objects in front of the eyes, not directly related to injury or visual impairment.
Suddenly occurring speech disorders should be alerted, when a person cannot formulate a thought, finds it difficult to say something or begins to poorly understand what was said. All these symptoms indicate that a certain structure of the brain is suffering. Even if these symptoms come and go, they must be taken very, very seriously. If you have one or more of these symptoms, especially if they persist for more than an hour, run to the doctor immediately!
2. Your symptoms: headaches, ringing or pain in the ears, back of the neck, or cheekbones.
Doctor says it's a migraine or middle ear infection.
What could it be: Inflammation, impaired mobility or other damage to the temporomandibular joint.
Why is there a mistake? Similar symptoms are often mistaken for inflammation of the trigeminal or facial nerve, ear disease. This joint suffers from malocclusion, as a result of dental diseases, trauma (jaw injury), arthritis. If the disc is damaged (in case of subluxation, thinning or rupture), it ceases to protect the articular head from friction, and then pain, crunching in the jaw and even inflammation with swelling may appear. Headaches or ear pain may occur. Even frequent chewing gum or nail biting can lead to this condition.
Be vigilant! If the doctor makes a diagnosis without additional examinations or prescribes drugs that do not bring relief, consult a dentist - he will help to accurately determine the characteristic changes in the lower jaw.
3. Your symptoms: fatigue, shortness of breath, "lump" in the solar plexus, tachycardia.
Doctor says it's stress or panic attack.
What could it be: heart attack or coronary heart disease.
Why is there a mistake? Heart attacks in women are often less pronounced, somewhat "blurred", and their symptoms are sometimes much more difficult to identify than in men. Sometimes the only sign of a serious ailment may be shortness of breath or constant fatigue. In fact, more than half of women's heart attacks are initially misdiagnosed, and this problem is not unique to our medicine, for example, in the US, an undiagnosed heart attack is called "the main killer of women."
Be vigilant! If the recommended treatment prescribed by the doctor does not help, urgently go to the cardiologist.
4. Your symptoms: depressed mood plus fatigue, weight gain, insomnia, aching muscles and/or unwillingness to move.
Doctor says it's depression or chronic fatigue syndrome.
What could it be: hypothyroidism.
Why is there a mistake? Symptoms of hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid gland) are often implicitly expressed, it is usually disguised as other diseases - anemia, vegetative-vascular dystonia, hypotension and depression, among others. And if the doctor's prescriptions are aimed only at eliminating the symptoms of "depression" or "chronic fatigue", then the hormonal component may be ignored. Meanwhile, if hypothyroidism is not treated, the consequences can be quite severe: high cholesterol, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes.
Be vigilant! If you experience any of these symptoms (weakness, fatigue, chilliness, loss of appetite or, on the contrary, a constant desire to eat, swelling and drowsiness, inability to concentrate), be sure to tell your doctor about it and ask for a thyroid hormone test.