Eastern teachers say: if the feeling of merging with nature comes, enlightenment will come.
When you visit a Japanese garden, you enter another world. Everything that you see around you immediately turns into sensations. Color, form, live plants, natural materials, smells, light and shade, fresh air, silence and visible images - all this makes you forget about the fuss and enjoy the present moment. All elements are important, each separately. But more importantly, how they are combined with each other. The garden is full of relaxing attributes that allow you to experience a sense of detachment, calmness, confidence and renewal.
One of the most ancient, mysterious, philosophical styles in garden art is the Japanese style. It is not only a way to decorate the garden. This is a lifestyle that helps to achieve enlightenment - "satori". Therefore, if you want to get rid of stress and find inner harmony, the Japanese garden has no equal, because here all the elements have been adjusted for centuries precisely for this purpose. In accordance with Zen philosophy, the garden is a model of nature, it should be built on four basic principles: sabi, wabi, shibui and yugen. The sabi principle states that beauty is naturalness. The wabi principle says: beauty is noble simplicity. The Shibui principle says: what is truly beautiful is where the beauty of naturalness and the beauty of simplicity are combined. The yugen principle complements: only that is beautiful where there is understatement, asymmetry and variability. According to the Zen path, a person, indulging in contemplation of the garden, should feel himself a part of the general Path of the Universe. Seeing the harmony of the surrounding world, he must understand himself and find inner peace and tranquility. Then the subconscious, intuition should work, and, as a result, a person enters a fundamentally new level of consciousness, where insight occurs.
The Japanese garden is full of symbolism. Each of its elements (plant, stone, object) personifies something, so the main emphasis is not on visible, decorative qualities, but on the inner meaning. The main components of the Japanese style are water, stones and plants, and using only these tools, as well as a minimum of decorative accessories, you can achieve an amazing result. The main thing is conciseness and simplicity.
In a Japanese garden, gray-blue stones represent water, black and brown - earth, greenish and yellowish - the world of plants. If the rock garden is complemented by a stone tower, it symbolizes the temple.
Natural raw stones in the Japanese garden have a special meaning. Large stones traditionally represent mountains and symbolize peace and security. Small ones symbolize hills, and small stones located on a hill convey the image of a waterfall. Rough cobblestones are a swift stream. Flat stones are a symbol of an open and free path.
The rock garden is a symbol of the unity of nature and human thought. As a rule, he personifies the sea or a lake with islands. White gravel depicts the sea, gray gravel - the lake. The wave effect is created by a special rake, and the flat rocks are mysterious islands.
The water in the Japanese garden symbolizes life and the water element in general. A small body of water can represent a lake or sea. Waterfalls and fountains are associated with clean energy flows.
Stone lanterns in a Japanese garden are symbols of light, warmth and illumination. Their meaning is to attract attention and bind the composition together. Lanterns are placed at the turn of the path or near the reservoir.
All plants in the Japanese garden also have a symbolic meaning and are very important for understanding the idea conceived by the master who creates the garden. So, pine is a symbol of courage, courage and longevity, as well as the ability to overcome difficulties. Maple symbolizes eternity, greatness, wisdom and delicacy. Jasmine - comfort and warmth. Sakura - love, friendship, fidelity and high spirituality. Fruit trees represent joy and beauty. Moss - reliability, protection, patronage. Ivy or wild grapes symbolize sincerity and fidelity to ideals.
Indispensable attributes of the Japanese style - arbors. They are made only from natural materials, and, like everything else in the garden, have a philosophical meaning: contemplate, create peace and tranquility. There is a special rule for pavilions: the most beautiful views should open from them.
Living slowly is a special art worth learning. When insight comes, many issues are resolved, problems disappear. Eastern teachers say: if the feeling of merging with nature comes, enlightenment will come.