Do you want to have a beautiful garden and a great harvest next year? Plan your garden now.
Choose a place for a new flower bed
Its design and choice of plants will depend on the place. It can be a flower bed in front of the house, a narrow border along the path, or a shady mixborder in the depths of the garden. Consider the composition of the soil, the illumination and humidity of the selected place. Each of these parameters will have its own list of plants suitable for your site. It's best to jot down this list ahead of time because garden center consultants can't always give you the right advice. Their job is to sell the plant, not to talk you out of buying it.
Determine the type of flower garden
There are specific flower beds - from several varieties of the same plant species (for example, only roses). Plants are matched to them to fill the voids and to create bright colored spots during the breaks in the flowering of the main plant.
And multi-species, when the selection of plants is based on seasonality: a soloist (the main, most spectacular plant) is selected for each season, and auxiliary plants are already added to it. In such flower beds, tulips, lilies, gladioli are well suited for the role of soloists. Here it is better to plant plants in groups of two or three species together than the same number of different ones. This way they will look prettier. How to create the perfect flower garden in the country.
Don't buy whatever you like
The basis of the garden is created by hardy and unpretentious plants. In a cold winter, they will not freeze, and in a rainy summer, they will not get wet. Since the selection has stepped far forward, even among local, long-known species, you can choose new interesting varieties. But with exotic plants, you need to be careful.
It is also very important to buy seedlings from local producers grown in our conditions. Imported plants of the same species are not very adapted to our weather conditions, as they are grown in a milder climate. The acclimatization period can be long and painful.
If you plant unpretentious flowers and bushes in your garden, you will get another advantage. Such plants will create a special microclimate on the site, protecting all other plantings from the winds.
They serve as the basis of the flower garden, and the picture as a whole will largely depend on their correct location. Referring to the plan, dig planting holes, fill them with all necessary fertilizers, water and plant plants. Each species has its own standards for embedding in the ground: some need to be deepened, others slightly raised above the soil level. Until the end of September, you need to have time to divide and plant the overgrown peonies by digging up the old bush, washing the rhizome, removing all the old roots and dividing the peony with a knife. So we plan a garden and a kitchen garden in the fall! More about perennials.
Plant bulbs in early autumn. The timing is determined by the climatic conditions of a particular region in such a way that the plants have time to take root, but do not germinate above the soil surface. Tulips can be planted almost until winter. If you see he althy tulip bulbs for sale at a discount, do not hesitate to buy and plant. Tulips will bloom beautifully in the first year, maybe a little later than the stated period. Before planting, the bulbs must be treated in a fungicide solution and dried. To protect the bulbs from rodents (moles, bears), use mesh containers for planting.
It is in autumn that garden centers have the best selection of seedlings, but in spring, along with spring digging, material not sold in autumn also goes on sale. It is better to buy annual or biennial seedlings with an open root system. Grown up and grown in containers are not likely to produce a bountiful harvest. In the first half of September, you can transplant fruit and ornamental shrubs - currants, gooseberries, raspberries, blackberries, hydrangeas, mock oranges, barberries and others.
We are planning a garden and a vegetable garden - even annuals
Do you know that cold-resistant annual flowers can be sown before winter? Be sure to try it - it will ensure early and he althy flowering in your flower beds! In the first days of stable freezing of the soil, you can sow: asters, godetia, dimorphotheca, fragrant tobacco, iberis, calendula, clarkia, kosmos, lavater, poppies, mattiola, mignonette, scabiosa, Drummond phlox, escholcia, etc.
In the garden
Until October 15 - plant winter garlic. Place a handful of oven ash under each clove.
And from October 15-25, sow onion sets on a feather before winter.
In the garden with the onset of sub-zero temperatures and freezing of the earth, you can also sow green and vegetable crops. Sow carrots, beets, lettuce, parsley, dill, cilantro, radishes, turnips, rutabaga, etc. in the prepared soil.
Right now, write down the names of your favorite varieties of vegetables and herbs to purchase these seeds in the new season. Don't rely on memory!
Planning a garden and harvest
Prepare the ground for planting the new season. Dig the ground to a depth of 25-30 cm without breaking clods. So the soil will freeze better and in the spring it will accumulate more moisture when the snow melts. When digging, select and remove rhizomes of perennial weeds and destroy pest larvae.
Prepare soil for growing seedlings and for picking grown seedlings. Molehill soil is great for this. Putting the soil in an unheated room to freeze is a natural way to inactivate the soil from certain pests and diseases.
Here is the garden layout, thanks to which your site will delight you next year!