If your child does not speak at 1 year old, it's too early to sound the alarm. But if the baby is silent at 2 or even 3 years old, it's time to seriously engage in the development of speech. These tips and exercises will help you understand how to quickly teach your child to speak.
To begin with, let's figure out what stages of speech development all children go through and what, according to children's speech therapists, is considered some deviation from the norm. Here are a few signs that indicate that you need to start exercising with your baby and it's time to see a specialist:
- A child does not speak a word for a year. From a year to a year and a half you continue to hear only baby babble. Your child is trying to communicate through gestures and calls and doesn't seem to understand what you are saying very well.
- Child knows few words and cannot form phrases by 2 years. You have noticed that the baby does not learn new words well and cannot compose short phrases. His communication still consists of gestures and shouts.
- After two years, he cannot make sentences. By the age of three, it is desirable that the baby can not only make phrases and sentences, but also be able to memorize small poems and songs. In addition, speech should become more and more “clean” by the age of three. At this age, it is already possible to teach the child to say the letter "P".
Are these characteristics about your baby? There are several reasons for this.
Why doesn't the child speak?
So your baby is not talking at 1 year old (or 2-3 years old). Why?
- He has no need to start talking. You perfectly understand his gestures and know how to take into account all the needs without words, and the baby simply does not have an incentive to start talking. In this case, you can develop speech in several ways - for example, start taking him to kindergarten or just walk more often on the playground, where he will need to communicate with other people.
- Baby is stressed. If you have moved, found a new nanny, or other changes have occurred in your family, this can adversely affect the development of speech. How to teach a child to speak? Just give him time to get used to the new circumstances.
- You don't talk to him much. When children spend many hours in front of a computer or TV, they tend to start talking later than their peers. Start practicing and socializing more!
- He has developmental delays. The most serious reason that requires immediate investigation. The sooner you figure out what the problem is, the faster progress will be made.
- Individual features. In order to find out why the child does not speak, it is better not to guess, but to turn to a specialist who will help find the real reasons.
How to quickly teach a child to speak
If your baby stubbornly continues to be silent, try not to get hung up on the problem and in no case compare the child with other children. But you shouldn't be idle either.
- Contact a psychologist, neurologist and speech therapist. This is the first thing to do to rule out the cause of developmental delay.
- Get active at home. Play and talk. Try to involve the baby in a dialogue, ask questions, but in no case do not press. Sing songs (even if you don’t have a voice, it doesn’t matter to children at all!), entertain your child with funny counting rhymes, look at children’s books together and say everything that is drawn in them. How to quickly teach a child to speak: exercises.
- Don't use "baby language". Any mangling of words interferes with the proper development of speech. If the child does not speak at 1 year old, do not encourage abbreviations, for example, "guli-guli" instead of "walk". This may become an additional obstacle for the development of children's speech in the future.
- Develop fine motor skills.Finger games, modeling, tying shoelaces, finger painting - all this is good for the development of areas of the brain that are responsible for speech activity.
Share your tips for teaching your baby to talk! After all, all mothers have them, since each baby requires an individual approach to development and learning.