How to wash your hair properly: doctor advises

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How to wash your hair properly: doctor advises
How to wash your hair properly: doctor advises
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Such a simple and familiar hair washing procedure, many of us perform incorrectly. That is why we decided to talk to a doctor and find out what is the correct hair washing algorithm and what are the nuances in this responsible matter.

How to wash your hair: 12 tips from a doctor

Have you ever wondered how much to shampoo? How often should you wash your hair? Will the products harm the hair? We asked a trichologist about all this, who dispelled some myths and told how to properly care for your hair.

Salomeya Abalian,dermato-cosmetologist, trainer and leading specialist in hardware rejuvenation techniques, chief physician of L’art de la vie aesthetic medicine clinic

The head should be washed as the skin gets dirty. As studies conducted by trichologists and dermatologists in different countries confirm, the scalp and hair are much more affected by impurities that accumulate at the base of the hair and are not removed from the head in time. Sebaceous secretion, dust, dirt create a breeding ground for the development of bacteria, do not allow the skin to breathe, the hair roots do not receive useful substances - all this disrupts the normal functioning of the scalp and slows down hair growth.

Don't be afraid of shampoo

Shampoos, which indicate that they are allowed to use every day, are as neutral, delicate, hypoallergenic and non-aggressive as possible. Accordingly, they can indeed be used daily.

Keep washing frequency

The frequency of shampooing should be selected individually, taking into account the type of hair and water quality. If you have an oily hair type, then an abundant sebaceous secret will accumulate over a break of 3-4 days, which can lead to minor inflammation.

Shampoo properly

The amount of shampoo fundamentally depends on the length of the hair. It is not recommended to pour the product directly on the head. Firstly, it will be difficult to control its quantity; secondly, an overly concentrated agent will fall into a limited area. Therefore, first you need to lather the shampoo in your palms, and only then distribute it through your hair.

Correct hair washing algorithm

Before you start washing your hair, you need to comb your hair to wash it thoroughly. You need to wash your hair from ear to ear, along the so-called conditional lines, and then move on to the back of the head. Movements should be massaging and made with fingertips, but in no case with nails, so as not to scratch the skin. It is recommended to massage while shampooing, it is good for the hair roots.

How much shampoo to apply

It all depends on the frequency of washing and the product used. If you have to wash your hair daily, then double lathering is not necessary. For those who wash their hair 2 times a week, it is better to apply shampoo twice. For the second time, the amount of shampoo is recommended to be halved.

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Water temperature

Many make a big mistake and wash their hair with too hot water, which leaches the hair and activates the sebaceous glands. The optimum water temperature for washing hair is 40-50 degrees. It is this temperature regime that promotes good dissolution of sebum, easy removal of dirt, and also improves blood circulation.

Finish with cold water

Complete the washing procedure preferably with a cool or cold shower, which stimulates the blood supply to the scalp and makes the hair shiny.

Mask after washing

The frequency of application of masks depends on the condition of the hair, and on the desired effect, as well as on the composition of the nutrient. If your hair is badly damaged and in need of enhanced care, apply the mask every other day. After 8-10 sessions, the result will already be clearly visible, and you will be able to use this cosmetic product much less often.

If you plan to apply a mask on your hair for preventive purposes, do it no more than 1-2 times a week. This frequency is considered optimal.

Don't forget the balm

The balm is applied to the hair after shampooing. The balm not only stabilizes the pH level of the hair, but also gives it shine, makes it more silky, as it contains easily reflective elements. The balm also smoothes the outer layer, or cuticle, of the hair, which opens up when alkali gets on it - that is, hard water, and shampoo, and dye or permanent solution.

Balm CAN be applied to the entire length of the hair (some people think that it is needed only at the ends), including the roots, but do not rub into the scalp. Leave on for 5-7 minutes, then rinse thoroughly. When applied to the scalp, there is a chance that the balm will weigh down the hair and deprive them of basal volume

What to do after washing your hair

Depending on the type of hair, it may be necessary to use hair oil or a protective spray.

Following the directions on the label, apply a drop of oil to dry or damp hair, depending on how they react to the oil. Use very little oil to keep your hair from looking oily or wet.

You need to know that essential oils are more effective on damaged hair when they are wet. Therefore, if you normally use oil on dry hair, moisten it with water and then apply oil to achieve the desired effect.

Always use thermal protection

As for the protective spray, it must be used if the hair needs constant styling with a hairdryer or other devices. The hair is vulnerable to heat, as it consists of a solid protein called keratin. When exposed to temperatures, the smoothed scales of the cuticle (the upper protective layer of the hair) rise, opening the cortex. The keratin softens and the water evaporates. With hot styling, especially on wet hair, moisture evaporates and the grease breaks down. Hair breaks, fades and becomes brittle.

It's important to note that thermal protection sprays typically contain natural proteins, vitamins E and B5, and herbal extracts. Thanks to these components, the hair is not only neutralized from thermal exposure, but also acquires additional volume, which makes the hairstyle even more effective.

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