In our body, a huge amount of hormones that regulate metabolism, affect our physical condition and even mood. When hormones are in order, we feel great. As soon as a failure occurs, a lot of unpleasant symptoms appear. If you have found something from this list, do not put off a visit to the endocrinologist!
There are about 60 hormones in a woman's body, biologically active substances that coordinate the work of all body systems and encourage organs to perform their functions correctly and on time. Not only the ability to conceive and bear a child depends on hormones, but also appearance, general he alth, mood, sleep, sex, and the availability of strength and energy. The hormonal balance is quite fragile and can be disturbed by malnutrition, stress, lack of vitamins, trace elements, sleep, movement, and so on in the body. When there is a failure in some part of the hormonal system - whether in the thyroid gland or adrenal glands - the body "signals" about problems with mood swings, cycle failure and other violations.
There can be several reasons for failure in the hormonal system:
- Disturbances in the work of the endocrine system (which is responsible for the production of hormones), or rather the thyroid, pancreas, adrenal glands, hypothalamus and pituitary gland.
- Mental disorders (the work of hormones is closely related to the work of the nervous system).
- Infection and inflammation.
- Pathological headaches (migraine).
- Genetic predisposition.
1. Irregular cycle
A normal cycle for a he althy woman can range from 21 to 35 days. The main thing is that it should be regular. If you often have missed periods or may not have them at all for a certain period of time, the reason is most often a hormonal failure. Don't delay your visit to the doctor!
2. Rapid weight gain
It is important to understand that hormonal causes of excess weight should be suspected only if extra pounds appear without objective reasons. That is, you move the same way as before, eat the same way as before, lead the same lifestyle - and at the same time you are steadily getting better. If a great confectionery opened near the house and you began to regularly look into it on the way from work, hormones have nothing to do with it. Or if you now work from home and you do not have to get to the office for an hour and a half, but the refrigerator is always at hand, you should not worry about hormones either. But when the lifestyle has remained the same, and extra pounds appear one after another, it makes sense to make an appointment with an endocrinologist. Maybe it's a malfunctioning thyroid gland or an increased level of the stress hormone cortisol, which causes a strong feeling of hunger.
3. Decreased libido
Decreased sex drive can also be one of the signs of hormonal imbalance in both men and women. If at the moment you are not experiencing physical and emotional overload and suddenly become indifferent to sex with your beloved man, you should make an appointment with a doctor.
4. Feeling constantly tired
If you get enough sleep (at least 7-8 hours) and still wake up feeling tired, don't ignore this symptom. Start with small changes. Try to go to bed half an hour earlier, spend more time outdoors, do exercises in the morning, eat more vegetables and fruits. If after 3-4 weeks you do not notice any changes in your well-being, feel free to go to the doctor.
5. Bad mood
Mood swings, irritability, anxiety and depression are symptoms that should not be ignored. If everything is in order in your life and there are no objective reasons for sadness and strong unrest, contact a specialist.
6. Sleep disorders
Estrogen is responsible for the quality of sleep. Therefore, if you suffer from sleep disorders for a long time (fall asleep for a long time, often wake up at night and cannot fall asleep, get up tired), it makes sense to check the level of estrogen.
7. Excessive sweating
Excessive sweating (especially during sleep) can be a symptom of endocrine disruption caused by impaired secretion of the hormone serotonin.
Do you have migraine attacks that most often occur on certain days of your cycle? The headache is most likely hormonal.
9. I crave sweets all the time
Let's be objective: we all crave chocolate and cake from time to time. But if the craving for sweets is very strong, it may be due to a violation of the metabolism of insulin and serotonin.
10. Hair loss
Hormones affect many tissues and systems of the body, including the hairline. For example, the hormonal background changes dramatically during puberty in adolescent girls, during menopause in women, during pregnancy and breastfeeding. The level of hormones changes even at certain periods of the cycle - for example, before menstruation and during them, the hair falls out more. It is believed that you can normally lose about 100 hairs a day. If the hair falls out very intensively, you should consult an endocrinologist.
Diagnosis and treatment of hormonal disorders
Hormonal failure definitely requires treatment. Only in some cases it is enough, for example, to have a good rest and eliminate the source of stress that affected hormones, and in others - to be seriously treated with drugs, since hormonal failure can lead to life-threatening and he alth conditions.
To diagnose hormonal disorders, a doctor needs
- blood test for hormones on different days of the cycle,
- Ultrasound of the internal organs,
- CT or MRI of the brain.
According to the results of the study, different types of treatment are prescribed. It could be
- Special diet. For example, vegetarian for menopause or selenium-zinc in adolescence.
- Treatment of urinary tract infections. They can be the main cause of hormonal imbalances in the body.
- Hormonal therapy. Selected individually depending on the problem. Your doctor may prescribe hormones in pills, injections, creams, vaginal suppositories, or patches. Depending on the problem, you will be prescribed hormone alternation, replacement therapy (when a hormone is completely absent and it is replaced with a synthetic one), or vice versa - suppression of excess hormones. All these activities are needed to restore the balance of hormones in the body.
- Cyclic vitamin therapy. Hormones are closely related to the presence and sufficiency of vitamins in the body. If hormone therapy is not possible for some reason, it is replaced by taking vitamin complexes according to a certain scheme prescribed by the doctor. Vitamin therapy can also complement and enhance the effects of hormonal treatments.
- Surgical intervention. Fortunately, it is rarely required, but if the violations are serious, it happens that you cannot do without it. This can be laparoscopy, curettage of the uterus and other procedures.