Not everything you know about breast cancer is true. Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer. Nearly 300,000 women in the US have this diagnosis. Today we will talk about common myths and misconceptions.
Sue Oliver, Lead Mammologist at Newfeld He alth Center talks about the factors that really affect the chance of breast cancer.
Breast cancer myths
MYTH 1: BREAST LOCK IS MOST CANCER
Just a lump or lump doesn't mean cancer. 80% of neoplasms are caused by benign (non-cancerous) tissue changes, cysts and the like. However, it is necessary to consult a doctor for any lump found in the chest.
MYTH 2: BREAST CANCER ALWAYS LOOKS LITTLE
Lump can be a sign of cancer, but it doesn't always show up that way. You should also pay attention to such changes as: skin irritation, swelling or unevenness, change in the shape or size of the breast, pain in the breast or nipples, retraction of the nipples, redness, peeling, thickening of the nipple or skin of the breast, and the presence of discharge from the nipple (for except for breast milk).
MYTH 3: IF YOU ARE AT RISK, THERE IS NOTHING YOU CAN DO, YOU HAVE TO CHECK YOURSELF FOR SYMPTOMS
In fact, there are many things you can do to reduce your risk of breast cancer. You should lose weight if you are even mildly obese, reduce your alcohol intake, stop smoking, and engage in physical activity. Studies show that all of these factors significantly reduce the risk of cancer, although they do not completely eliminate it. Regular breast exams are still essential and apply to all women.
MYTH 4: ONLY WOMEN WITH HEREDITARY PREDISPOSITION AT RISK
This is a very dangerous delusion. 70% of women diagnosed with cancer did not have hereditary prerequisites for breast cancer or other reasons to put them at risk.
MYTH 5: WEARING AN UNDERWIRE BRA INCREASES RISK
The claims that underwired bras compress the lymphatic system of the breasts, resulting in the accumulation of cancer-causing toxins, have no scientific basis. The tightness of your clothing or underwear has nothing to do with cancer risk.
MYTH 6: ANTIPERSPIRANTS INCREASE RISK
There is a theory that parabens used in cosmetics as preservatives have weak carcinogenic properties. However, a causal relationship between parabens and breast cancer has not yet been proven by anyone.
MYTH 7: WOMEN WITH SMALL BREASTS ARE LESS CHANCE TO GET ILL
Both very small and very large breasts are just harder to examine with mammography and MRI. This is where the link between breast size and cancer ends. There is no evidence that small breasts reduce the risk of cancer.
MYTH 8: CAFFEINE CAUSES BREAST CANCER
No. Studies have not found such a relationship. Moreover, some studies have shown the opposite: caffeine can reduce the risk of breast cancer. The only question that remains is whether caffeine can cause increased sensitivity and soreness of the breast?
MYTH 9: WOMEN WITH FIBROCYSTOUS BREAST CHANGES HAVE A HIGHEST RISK OF CANCER
Studies show not. However, if you have these growths, early diagnosis of cancer can be difficult, so you need to be examined more often, with the slightest change.
MYTH 10: MAMMOGRAPHY EXPOSES YOU TO SO POWERFUL RADIATION YOU CAN CAUSE BREAST CANCER ON ITSELF
That's not quite true. Mammography does use x-rays, but the total dose you receive is so small and carries such low risks that the benefits of preventive screening far outweigh them. Stories of women who survived breast cancer.