Oral cancer: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Health 2023

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Oral cancer: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment
Oral cancer: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Even bad breath can be the first symptom of a dangerous disease. We tell you what symptoms of oral cancer you need to know.

Oral cancer: early signs and treatment
Oral cancer: early signs and treatment

Despite the fact that oral cancer is considered a predominantly "male" type of disease (most often it is found in older male patients over 60), women are also susceptible to it. In Russia today, the prevalence of this disease is 10.9 people for every 100,000, which is quite a lot. The risk is even higher if you smoke regularly or have smoked in the past. In any case, it is important to know the early symptoms of oral cancer in order to notice the disease in time and take action.

Wounds and ulcers in the mouth

In most cases, small sores or sores that form in the oral cavity are caused by harmless causes - for example, a virus or mechanical damage. But if they appear too often or do not go away within ten days, you should consult a doctor - this may be the first sign of developing oral cancer.

Red and white patches on gums and tongue

Small spots of red and white that form on the gums, tongue, and oral mucosa can warn of a developing tumor - not necessarily malignant, but in any case a reason to see a doctor.

Pain in the tongue

The tongue is one of the most sensitive organs of our body and, at the slightest damage to its tissues, it reacts with palpable pain. Therefore, if you feel that something is wrong with your tongue, do not wait until it goes away by itself - see a doctor.

Weight loss

One of the most important early symptoms of cancer is unmotivated weight loss. In this case, it is most often caused by the fact that, due to discomfort when chewing or swallowing, a person tries to eat less often - and as a result, loses weight. Be that as it may, if for no reason you have lost three or more kilograms, be sure to consult a doctor.

Feeling of numbness in the mouth

Sometimes the tumor grows to such a size that it damages the nerves located inside the mouth, causing us to feel numb. However, doctors say that usually numbness occurs after patients have complained of pain in the mouth for several months.

Difficult speech

A developing tumor can interfere with the tongue, lips, or other important organs of speech, making it harder for us to say certain words-literally. If you notice something similar in yourself or loved ones, see a doctor as soon as possible.

Pain in the jaw area

This can feel like a pinched jaw and is especially felt when trying to open your mouth. If the pain persists for two weeks or more, be sure to see a doctor!

Lump in throat

Typically, before noticing the sensation of a lump in the throat, patients have already experienced a feeling of pain in the jaw, sores, or other symptoms of oral cancer listed above. When a tumor forms, it soon affects the lymph nodes, which, increasing, give a feeling of a coma stuck in the throat. If this feeling does not go away within a few weeks, be sure to see a doctor.

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